Medical Surgical Nursing 2: Blood Glucose Monitoring

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16 Questions

What do blood tests for glucose levels help identify?

The type of diabetes a person has

What is one function of insulin?

Inhibiting the breakdown of stored glucose, protein, and fat

Which complication is associated with abnormal blood glucose levels?

Blindness

What does hypoglycemia refer to?

Low blood glucose

What does FBS stand for in terms of diagnostic tests for blood glucose?

Fasting Blood Sugar

What does RBS stand for in terms of diagnostic tests for blood glucose?

Random Blood Sugar

What is the medical term for high blood sugar?

Hyperglycemia

What is the substance that converts glucose to a form that is usable by the body?

Insulin

What is the normal range for Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) in diabetic patients?

$80-120 mg/dl$

Which diagnostic test measures glucose level for the past 2-3 months?

Glycosylated Hemoglobin C (HbA1C)

What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia?

Dry Mouth, Hunger, Lack of Coordination

Which complication is associated with abnormal blood glucose levels?

Nerve Damage

What allows for the detection and prevention of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia?

Diet

What is the leading cause of death from disease among people with diabetes?

Heart Attack

What test shows if your blood glucose level is higher than the healthy range?

Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS)

What does Self-Monitoring Blood Glucose help prevent?

Diabetic emergencies

Study Notes

Blood Glucose Levels and Diabetes

  • Blood tests for glucose levels help identify if an individual has diabetes, prediabetes, or normal glucose levels.
  • Insulin has the function of regulating blood glucose levels by facilitating the entry of glucose into cells.

Complications of Abnormal Blood Glucose Levels

  • Abnormal blood glucose levels are associated with complications such as cardiovascular disease, nerve damage, and kidney damage.

Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia

  • Hypoglycemia refers to a blood glucose level that is too low (less than 70 mg/dL).
  • Hyperglycemia is the medical term for high blood sugar (a level above 125 mg/dL).

Diagnostic Tests for Blood Glucose

  • FBS stands for Fasting Blood Sugar, which measures blood glucose levels after an overnight fast of at least 8 hours.
  • RBS stands for Random Blood Sugar, which measures blood glucose levels at any time of day, regardless of when the last meal was consumed.
  • The HbA1c test measures glucose levels for the past 2-3 months, providing a more comprehensive picture of blood glucose control.

Importance of Monitoring Blood Glucose

  • Self-Monitoring Blood Glucose (SMBG) helps prevent hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia by allowing individuals to track their blood glucose levels regularly.
  • Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels allows for the detection and prevention of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia.

Consequences of Uncontrolled Diabetes

  • Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death from disease among people with diabetes.

Symptoms of Hypoglycemia

  • Symptoms of hypoglycemia include shakiness, dizziness, confusion, and rapid heartbeat.

Test your knowledge on blood glucose monitoring, diabetes, hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, complications of abnormal blood glucose levels, and diagnostic tests for blood glucose in medical surgical nursing.

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