Islam 101: Core Beliefs and Practices
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Islam 101: Core Beliefs and Practices

This quiz covers the basics of Islam, including the Five Pillars, types of Muslims, core beliefs, and practices. Test your knowledge of the religion, its teachings, and its customs.

Created by
@AmiableSanDiego

Questions and Answers

What is the primary declaration of faith in Islam?

There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.

What percentage of Muslims are Sunni?

90%

What is the purpose of Zakat in Islam?

To give a portion of one's wealth to the poor and needy

What is the core belief of Muslims regarding God?

<p>Tawhid, the absolute unity and uniqueness of God</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the name of the fifth pillar of Islam that involves a pilgrimage to Mecca?

<p>Hajj</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of Muslims emphasizes a personal, spiritual connection with God?

<p>Sufi Muslims</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Who is a Muslim?

  • A Muslim is a person who practices Islam, a religion based on the Quran and the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad.
  • A Muslim believes in one God, Allah, and accepts Muhammad as the final prophet sent by God to guide humanity.
  • Muslims believe in the Five Pillars of Islam:
    1. Shahada ( declaration of faith): "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah."
    2. Salat (prayer): Performing the five daily prayers, facing towards the holy city of Mecca.
    3. Zakat (charity): Giving a portion of one's wealth to the poor and needy.
    4. Sawm (fasting): Fasting during the month of Ramadan, abstaining from food and drink from dawn to sunset.
    5. Hajj (pilgrimage): Making a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, if physically and financially able.

Types of Muslims

  • Sunni Muslims: The largest denomination of Islam, accounting for about 90% of Muslims. They believe in the legitimacy of the first four caliphs and follow the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad.
  • Shia Muslims: A smaller denomination that believes in the leadership of the Prophet's family, particularly Ali, the cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet.
  • Sufi Muslims: A mystical tradition that emphasizes a personal, spiritual connection with God, often through meditation, poetry, and music.

Core Beliefs

  • Tawhid (the oneness of God): Muslims believe in the absolute unity and uniqueness of God.
  • Risalah (prophethood): Muslims believe in the prophets sent by God, including Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad.
  • Ma'ad (judgment day): Muslims believe in the day of judgment, when all souls will be accountable for their actions.
  • Qadar (predestination): Muslims believe in the concept of fate, that God has knowledge of everything that will happen.

Practices

  • Adhan (call to prayer): The call to prayer, recited five times a day, to signal the start of each prayer.
  • Mosque (masjid): A place of worship, where Muslims gather for prayer and other activities.
  • Halal (permissible): Muslims follow dietary laws, avoiding pork and other prohibited foods.
  • Hijab (veil): Some Muslim women wear a headscarf or veil as a symbol of modesty and faith.

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