Islam 101: Core Beliefs and Practices

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اسلام کی مرکزی тем ہے ______ کا عقیدہ


محمد سےاللہ کی طرف سے وحی آئی ______ کے ذریعے


رمضان کے مہینے میں روزہ رکھنے کا نام ہے ______


زکوٰۃ میں اپنی دولت کا کچھ حصہ ______ کو دیتے ہیں


حج کے لئے مکہ میں جانے کا نام ہے ______


سنت محمد کی روایات کو کہتے ہیں ______


Study Notes

Core Beliefs

  • Tawhid: The oneness of God (Allah) is the central theme of Islam.
  • Risalah: The prophethood of Muhammad, who is considered the final prophet sent by Allah.
  • Ma'ad: Belief in the Day of Judgment and the afterlife.

Five Pillars of Islam

  1. Shahada: Declaration of faith, witnessing that there is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is His Messenger.
  2. Salat: Performing the five daily prayers, facing towards the holy city of Mecca.
  3. Zakat: Giving a portion of one's wealth to the poor and needy.
  4. Sawm: Fasting during the month of Ramadan, abstaining from food and drink from dawn to sunset.
  5. Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca, at least once in a lifetime, if physically and financially able.

Important Figures

  • Muhammad: The final prophet of Islam, who received revelations from Allah through the angel Gabriel.
  • Abraham: A prophet and patriarch in Islam, revered for his obedience to Allah's commandments.
  • Ibrahim: The Islamic name for Abraham, considered a model of faith and submission to Allah.

Sacred Texts

  • Qur'an: The holy book of Islam, considered the literal word of Allah as revealed to Muhammad.
  • Hadith: The sayings, actions, and approvals of Muhammad, serving as a source of guidance and interpretation of the Qur'an.

Branches of Islam

  • Sunni: The largest branch, following the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad and the first four caliphs.
  • Shia: The second-largest branch, believing in the leadership of Ali, the cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, as the rightful successor.
  • Sufism: A mystical branch, focusing on the inner dimension of faith and the love of Allah.

Test your knowledge of the fundamental principles of Islam, including the Five Pillars, core beliefs, important figures, sacred texts, and branches of Islam.

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