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Iron Deficiency Anemia: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

This quiz covers the fundamental aspects of iron deficiency anemia, including its definition, symptoms, causes, risk factors, diagnosis, laboratory investigations, and treatment strategies. Get ready to test your knowledge on this common type of anemia worldwide.

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Questions and Answers

What is the estimated proportion of people with anemia who have iron deficiency anemia?

More than half

What is the primary cause of presenting symptoms in adults with iron deficiency?

Anemia

What is the term for a decrease of total body iron, especially iron stores, with preservation of iron for erythropoiesis?

Iron deficiency without anemia

What is the consequence of a more severe reduction of total body iron?

<p>Iron deficiency anemia</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who is the lecturer of the IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA course?

<p>Dr. Noor Alaa M.B.Ch.B</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following physical findings is associated with iron deficiency?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the craving of ice, which is a symptom of iron deficiency?

<p>Pagophagia</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following laboratory tests is used to diagnose iron deficiency?

<p>Both complete blood count (CBC) and iron study</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for the spoon-like shape of the nails, which is a physical finding of iron deficiency?

<p>Koilonychia</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a common symptom of iron deficiency?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

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Study Notes

Iron Deficiency Anemia

  • Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia worldwide, affecting over 2 billion people.
  • It is characterized by a severe reduction of total body iron, leading to anemia.

Symptoms and Clinical Presentation

  • Typical symptoms include fatigue, hair loss, pica (pagophagia, ice craving), restless legs syndrome, headache, exercise intolerance, exertional dyspnea, weakness, and mood changes.
  • These symptoms may be present in individuals with severely reduced iron stores, even if they are not anemic.

Physical Examination Findings

  • Physical examination may reveal pallor, dry or rough skin, cheilosis (angular cheilitis), atrophic glossitis with loss of tongue papillae, koilonychia (spoon nails), brittle nails, and alopecia (in severe cases).

Causes and Risk Factors

  • No specific causes and risk factors are mentioned in the text.

Diagnosis and Laboratory Investigations

  • Diagnosis involves complete blood count (CBC) and iron studies, including:
    • Serum ferritin
    • Total iron binding capacity
    • Serum iron
    • Transferrin saturation

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