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Infants at Play: Categories and Levels

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28 Questions

Who are better suited for unstructured play that leads to sustained attention?

Peers

What aspect of maternal behavior at 13 and 21 months maximizes attentiveness and interest in playing?

Maternal responsiveness

What type of play is better for maintaining mutual interest and excitement in joint activities?

Unstructured play with peers

What does Vygotsky suggest about play?

Play is formative and shaped through social interactions

What predicts persistence during problem solving at 13 months?

Stimulation and responsiveness at 6 months

Which type of play promotes a flexible mindset and divergent thinking?

Play with peers and siblings

Which type of play is associated with complex language use and language development?

Mother-child play

Which type of play supports the simulation of real-world scenarios?

Symbolic play

Which type of play conveys cultural principles and values?

Play with cultural context

Which type of play is controlled by siblings initially, but by age 2 or 3, they support symbolic play?

Play with peers and siblings

Which type of play is linked to innovativeness and flexible problem-solving?

Play with peers and siblings

Who primarily engages in nurturing and household themes when playing with daughters?

Mother-child pairs

What type of play is characterized by basic manipulation of objects as an exploratory activity?

First year of life play

Which function of play is supported by adult caregivers?

All of the above

When do peers take on a greater role in play than caregivers and siblings?

By about age 2-3

What do adults use play to teach children?

Object mastery, pragmatics of communication, and cultural expectations

Who plays an important role in promoting symbolic play in their younger siblings?

Older siblings

What type of play in infancy involves manipulating one object at a time before exploring the parts of objects or how objects relate to each other?

Exploratory play

At what age does symbolic play typically emerge in children according to the text?

24 months

Which type of play involves pretending with objects about events or experiences that are not physically present?

Imaginative play

Which type of play is characterized by using objects alone, in combinations, and in sequences to pretend about events or past experiences?

Symbolic play

What distinguishes symbolic play from exploratory play in infants?

Symbolic play allows for pretending about absent events.

What distinguishes exploratory play from inappropriate combinational activity?

Unique effects produced with a single object

In symbolic play, what characterizes other-directed pretense?

Clear pretense activity directed towards others

What defines Sequential pretense in symbolic play?

Linking two or more pretense actions

During the Intrapsychological Mastery function of play, what is the main role of the caregiver?

Express and mediate arousal dependent on caregiver interaction

What characterizes the Transitional Play stage in pretend play?

Approximate pretense without confirmatory evidence

Why do infants aged 17 months to 3 years smile more with siblings and older infants than with their mom?

Playing with siblings and older infants reinforces and expands the infant's range of emotion

Learn about how play in infancy reflects cognitive abilities, explore different categories and levels of play, understand differences in play between adults and same-aged playmates, and discover the functions of play in early childhood development.

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