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# Inductive Reasoning in Sciences and Everyday Life

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@RestfulJuniper

### What type of hypothesis is formed in enumerative induction 1?

Law-like hypothesis

### In enumerative induction 2, what type of hypothesis is derived?

Statistical hypothesis

### What is the purpose of enumerating premises in enumerative induction?

To make a general conclusion

### Which statement best describes the role of premises in enumerative induction?

<p>Support a generalized conclusion</p> Signup and view all the answers

### What distinguishes enumerative induction from other types of reasoning?

<p>Use of verifiable premises</p> Signup and view all the answers

### Which type of hypothesis is more common in enumerative induction?

<p>Statistical hypothesis</p> Signup and view all the answers

### Why is it important for the premises in enumerative induction to be verifiable?

<p>To confirm the general conclusion</p> Signup and view all the answers

### Which factor contributes most to the strength of an argument in enumerative induction?

<p>Number of premises presented</p> Signup and view all the answers

### What does Enumerative Induction 2 involve that Enumerative Induction 1 does not?

<p>Generalized Statistical Hypothesis Conclusion</p> Signup and view all the answers

## Study Notes

### Inductive Reasoning

• Inductive arguments provide some reasons or evidence to believe the conclusion will be probably true, but not certain.
• The premises do not prove or guarantee the truth of the conclusion, and there is no logical relationship between the premises and the conclusion.
• The meaning of the content or information provided matters in confirming the degree of likelihood of truth of the conclusion based on the strength of evidence presented.

### Characteristics of Inductive Reasoning

• The more evidence you have that corroborates the conclusion, the higher the degree of confirmation.
• Confirmation is not proof.
• Inductive arguments can be based on sampling, analogy, causal reasoning, or enumerative induction.

### Examples of Inductive Arguments

• Law-like hypothesis: All metals expand when heated, based on premises that show multiple metals expanding when heated.
• Statistical hypothesis: Most women are cheats, based on premises that show multiple women cheating.

### Confirmation vs. Proof

• Inductive arguments aim at confirming a given hypothesis, while deductive arguments aim at proving a given conclusion.
• The evidence of an inductive argument only confirms but does not prove the truth of the hypothesis.
• Confirmation is not proof, and a hypothesis is the same as the conclusion of inductive arguments.

### Verifiable vs. Confirmable Statements

• Verifiable statements are premises that can be confirmed or proven true.
• Confirmable statements are hypotheses or conclusions that can be supported or confirmed by evidence.

### Enumerative Induction

• Enumerative induction involves listing or enumerating multiple premises to support a generalized conclusion or hypothesis.
• There are two kinds of enumerative induction:
• Enumerative induction with a law-like hypothesis as conclusion.
• Enumerative induction with a statistical hypothesis as conclusion.

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## Description

Test your knowledge on inductive reasoning principles, verifiable statements, and enumerative induction in the sciences and everyday life. Explore different types of inductive reasoning and their applications.

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