Individual Troubles v. Social Issues: Thinking in Structures

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Define social imagination according to Mills.

The quality of mind essential to grasp the interplay of man and society, of biography and history, of self and the world.

What is the difference between 'Troubles' and 'Issues' according to Mills?

(Private) Troubles have to do with one's self and limited social life, while (Public) Issues transcend the local individual environment and inner life.

Explain the concept of Meritocracy.

Meritocracy is the belief that good outcomes are a result of individual decisions and actions, deserving of reward.

What were Jim Crow Laws and how did they impact racial segregation?

Jim Crow Laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States, leading to discrimination and disenfranchisement of African Americans.

What was the outcome of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s-1960s?

The Civil Rights Movement led to the end of Jim Crow Laws around 1965, marking a significant victory for racial equality and civil rights in the United States.

How does Mills describe the feeling of individuals in society during the 1950s-1960s?

People felt trapped, like spectators on the sidelines of the world outside their immediate private orbits such as job, family, and neighborhood.

What is impact litigation?

Litigation for social change

Define social movements and contentious politics.

Conscious, concerted, and sustained efforts by ordinary people to change some aspect of their society using extra-institutional means.

What is the nature of social structures?

The distinctive, stable arrangement of institutions whereby human beings in a society interact and live together.

What is the instrumental power of capital?

Deliberate political engagements through lobbying and campaign contributions.

What is the structural power of capital based on?

Investors' profit-maximizing responses to market signals.

What are the three branches of government in the US?

Legislative (HOR and Senate), Judicial (Supreme Court), Executive (President)

What is the main difference between for-profit corporations and non-profit corporations in terms of their legal obligations?

For-profit corporations are bound by law to maximize shareholder value, while non-profit corporations are bound by law to preserve their mission defined by social good.

What are some criticisms of the philanthropic model mentioned in the text?

Some criticisms include that it is piecemeal, voluntary, undemocratic, and leads to dependency on wealthy individuals.

How does the text describe the impact of tax-exempt giving in terms of control over funds?

The text describes a scenario where tax-exempt giving can result in unequal control over funds between the donor and the government or organization receiving the donation.

What are some reasons provided in the text for why dependency on wealthy individuals for funding can be problematic?

Dependency on wealthy individuals for funding can lead to inequality of influence, undemocratic decision-making, and reduced public funding.

How does the text criticize the philanthropic model in terms of accountability and democracy?

The text criticizes the philanthropic model for being undemocratic, unaccountable, and for potentially allowing wealthy donors to influence decision-making.

In what way does the text suggest that tax exemption can affect public funding?

The text suggests that tax exemption can reduce public funding by diverting resources away from government coffers.

Explore the concept of individual troubles versus social issues, as defined by Mills during the 1950s-1960s civil rights movement. Understand the idea of social imagination and its role in analyzing the interplay between individuals and society.

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