Indian Monsoon Weather Characteristics

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The heavy rains bring in ________ causing damage to life and property in the plains.

devastating floods

The frequency and intensity of tropical depressions determine the amount and duration of ________.

monsoon rains

The depressions form at the head of the Bay of Bengal and cross over to the mainland following the axis of the ________.

monsoon trough of low pressure

The alternation of dry and wet spells during the monsoon vary in ________, frequency, and duration.

intensity

The low-pressure conditions over northwestern India get transferred to the Bay of Bengal by early ________.

November

The thickly populated deltas of the Godavari, the Krishna, and the Kaveri are frequently struck by ________, which cause great damage to life and property.

cyclones

The Deccan Plateau receives some amount of rain in spite of lying in the rain shadow area because of the ______

windward side

The maximum rainfall of this season in India is received in the ______ part of the country

north-eastern

Mawsynram in the southern ranges of the Khasi Hills receives the highest average rainfall in the ______

world

Rainfall in the Ganga valley decreases from ______ to the west

east

Another phenomenon associated with the monsoon is its tendency to have ‘breaks’ in ______

rainfall

Whenever the axis of the monsoon trough lies over the plains, ______ is good in these parts

rainfall

Variability is high in the regions of low rainfall, such as parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat and the leeward side of the Western Ghats. As such, while areas of high rainfall are liable to be affected by floods, areas of low rainfall are ______-prone

drought

While day temperatures are high, nights are cool and pleasant. The land is still moist. Owing to the conditions of high temperature and humidity, the weather becomes rather oppressive during the day. This is commonly known as ‘______ heat’

October

In the second half of October, the mercury begins to fall rapidly in northern India. You have already known the way the Himalayas protect the subcontinent from extremely cold winds from central Asia. This enables northern India to have uniformly higher temperatures compared to other areas on the same latitudes. Similarly, the Peninsular plateau, under the influence of the sea from three sides, has moderate temperatures. Despite such moderating influences, there are great variations in the ______ conditions

temperature

The Himalayas protect the subcontinent from extremely cold winds from central Asia, enabling northern India to have uniformly higher temperatures compared to other areas on the same latitudes. Similarly, the Peninsular plateau, under the influence of the sea from three sides, has moderate temperatures. Despite such moderating influences, there are great variations in the ______ conditions

temperature

In the regions of low rainfall, such as parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat and the leeward side of the Western Ghats, while areas of high rainfall are liable to be affected by floods, areas of low rainfall are ______-prone

drought

While day temperatures are high, nights are cool and pleasant. The land is still moist. Owing to the conditions of high temperature and humidity, the weather becomes rather oppressive during the day. This is commonly known as ‘October ______’

heat

Learn about the variability, temperature patterns, and oppressive weather conditions during the Indian monsoon season. Explore how regions with low rainfall experience drought while high rainfall areas face floods.

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