History of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict

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What event is referred to as the 'catastrophe' by Palestinians?

The exodus and eradication of much of their society inside Israel

What was the main goal of the Palestine Liberation Organisation when it was founded?

To pursue armed struggle and establish an Arab state in place of Israel

Which event led to the occupation of the West Bank, East Jerusalem, the Golan Heights, and the Sinai Peninsula by Israel?

The Six-Day War

Who was the charismatic quadriplegic leader involved in the founding of Islamist organizations in Gaza?

Sheikh Ahmed Yassin

What did Hamas focus on to win support after the outbreak of the first intifada?

Establishing a network of social services including schools and clinics

What was the starting point for many people in the Israel-Palestine conflict?

The United Nations’ vote in 1947

What prompted the Jewish migration to the Ottoman Empire in the late 19th century?

To escape pogroms and persecutions in eastern Europe

What did the British government support with the Balfour declaration in 1917?

A national home for the Jewish people in Palestine

How did Palestinians and neighboring Arab countries respond to the founding of modern Israel?

They declared war on Israel

What event followed the United Nations’ vote in 1947 to partition land in Palestine into two states?

The invasion of neighboring Arab countries

What event led to the escalation of fighting between Jewish armed groups and Palestinians?

The United Nations’ vote in 1947 to partition land in the British mandate of Palestine

What did the neighboring Arab countries do after Israel declared independence in May 1948?

They invaded Israel

What was the British government's stance in the Balfour declaration of 1917?

Support of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine

What was the main outcome of the United Nations’ vote in 1947 to partition land in the British mandate of Palestine?

Creation of two states – one Jewish, one Arab

What was a significant factor contributing to the late 19th-century Jewish migration to the Ottoman Empire?

Persecution and pogroms against Jews in eastern Europe

What was the significance of the armistice agreement in 1949 for the Palestinians?

About 700,000 Palestinians were expelled or fled from the territory captured by Israel

What was the immediate consequence of the capture of Jerusalem and other territories by Israel in the six-day war?

The enforcement of military rule over the Arab population of the West Bank

What was the main goal of the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) when it was founded?

To establish an Arab state in place of Israel through armed struggle

Who played a significant role in shifting Islamist groups towards armed conflict and social services in Gaza?

Sheikh Ahmed Yassin

Why did many Palestinians refer to the events around 1949 as 'Nakba' or 'catastrophe'?

Because about 700,000 Palestinians were expelled or fled from the captured territory

Explore the complex history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, from its roots in ancient times to modern geopolitical tensions. Delve into the varying perspectives on the conflict's origins and its historical evolution.

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