History of Science and Technology Lesson 1

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What is the focus of the history of science and technology?

How science and technology have changed across time

What was the significance of the Sumerian wheel?

It was used for farm work and food processes

What is the name of the writing system developed by the Sumerians?


What was the purpose of the Great Ziggurat?

It was a mountain of god

What was the significance of ancient civilizations in the history of science and technology?

They paved the way for advances in science and technology

What does the term 'antecedent' refer to?

A precursor to the unfolding or existence of something

What is the primary source of silk?

Silk worms

What was the main catalyst for the agricultural revolution in the Middle Ages?

Heavy plough

What was the original intention of Chinese alchemists when they mixed charcoal, sulfur, and potassium nitrate?

To achieve immortality

What was the primary function of the mechanical clock?

To accurately keep track of time

What was the primary purpose of the spinning wheel?

To transform fiber into thread or yarn

Which period marked major advances in science and technology?

Middle Ages

What was the purpose of wearing Kohl around the eyes in ancient Egypt?

To prevent and cure diseases

What was the purpose of the wigs in ancient Egypt?

To protect the shaved heads from the sun

What was the Antikythera Mechanism used for?

To predict astronomical positions and eclipses

What is the Aeolipile also known as?

Hero's engine

What was unique about the Roman structures?

They were able to withstand time and harsh environmental conditions

What was the first known newspaper known as?

The Gazette

Who is credited with designing and operating the first engine-powered airplane?

Orville Wright and Wilbur Wright

What was the first thing John Logie Baird successfully televised in 1924?

Objects in outline

What became more important with the invention of the telephone?

Maintaining connections with each other in real time

What was projected by John Logie Baird in 1928?

Colored images

Who invented the telephone?

Alexander Graham Bell

What was the primary motivation for the invention of the printing press?

To address the need for publishing books at a faster rate

What was a major consequence of industrialization?

Greater risks in human health, food, and safety, and environmental concerns

What was the maximum magnification capability of the first compound microscope?

Ten times the object's size

What was a significant impact of Galileo Galilei's invention of the telescope?

It showed that the universe is far larger than previously imagined

What was the primary purpose of the weaving invention?

To increase the rate of fiber spinning

Who is credited with the invention of the first compound microscope?

Zacharias Janssen and his father Hans

Discover how science and technology have evolved over time, and their impacts on social, cultural, political, and economic contexts. Learn about the precursors to scientific and technological innovations.

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