Heavy Metal Toxicity Overview

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18 Questions

What is the primary mechanism of acute arsenic toxicity?

Decreased production of ATP

Which of the following is NOT a common gastrointestinal symptom of acute arsenic toxicity?

Constipation

Which of the following is a common cardiovascular effect of acute arsenic toxicity?

Prolonged QT interval

Which of the following is a common complication of chronic arsenic toxicity?

Peripheral sensory neuropathy

Which of the following is a characteristic skin finding in chronic arsenic toxicity?

Hyperpigmentation and hyperkeratosis

What is the first-line chelation therapy for acute arsenic toxicity?

Dimercaprol (BAL)

Which of the following is NOT a primary use of cadmium?

Automotive fuel additives

Which route of exposure is considered the primary pathway for cadmium absorption?

Inhalation of vapor and fumes

Which of the following is NOT a manifestation of chronic cadmium nephrotoxicity?

Hypercalciuria

Which organ serves as the primary reservoir for cadmium accumulation in the body?

Kidneys

What is the approximate half-life of cadmium in the body?

7-30 years

Which of the following is NOT a clinical manifestation of acute cadmium toxicity?

Peripheral neuropathy

What is the most toxic form of arsenic?

Arsine gas

Which of the following is NOT a use of inorganic arsenic compounds?

Fuel additives

Which condition is associated with increased arsenic toxicity due to impaired metabolism?

Alcoholism

What is the primary mechanism by which the body eliminates arsenic?

Renal excretion

What is the primary mechanism by which arsenic causes toxicity?

Inhibition of pyruvate dehydrogenase, impairing gluconeogenesis

Which route of exposure is associated with the highest absorption of arsenic?

Pulmonary (inhalation)

Explore the various aspects of heavy metal toxicity and its impact on occupational workers and consumers. Learn about the different forms of arsenic, including its toxicity levels and effects when ingested or inhaled.

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