Health Care System in Pakistan

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12 Questions

What is the primary purpose of a Health Care System according to WHO 2000?

Promoting, restoring, or maintaining health

What are the levels of health care mentioned in the text?

Primary, Secondary, Tertiary

Which type of health care facility serves a population of 10 lacs?

DHQ (10 lacs Population)

Who is responsible for data collection and evaluation in the District Health System according to the text?

Local Government District Nazim / Deputy Commissioner

Which institutions are mentioned as part of Teaching and training institutes in the text?

Medical colleges, nursing and paramedic training schools

How many Primary level health care facilities are there per district as per the text?


According to the World Health Organization, health is defined as:

A state of complete physical, mental, spiritual, and social well-being

Who is primarily responsible for the implementation of health policies in Pakistan?

Secretary of Health

Which sector is primarily responsible for healthcare in Pakistan under the constitution?

Government sector

What major change occurred in Pakistan's health care system after the June 2011 18th Amendment?

Provincial Governments were given more authority in health matters

Who makes policy-level decisions in the organization of the health system in Pakistan?

Additional and Deputy Secretary Health

What role do Local Governments play in the health care delivery system of Pakistan since 2014?

Major role

Study Notes

Healthcare System in Pakistan

  • The healthcare delivery system in Pakistan consists of public, private, and NGO sectors.
  • Health is primarily the responsibility of the government, as stated in the constitution.

Definition of Health

  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "health is a state of complete physical, mental, spiritual, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity."

Healthcare System Components

  • A system is a collection of elements or components organized for a common purpose.
  • The healthcare system in Pakistan includes:
  • Government systems (federal, provincial, and local governments)
  • Department of Health
  • Minister and Secretary of Health (policy-level decisions)
  • Additional and Deputy Secretaries of Health
  • Section officers with support staff
  • Director General of Health (planning and management)
  • Teaching and training institutes (medical colleges, nursing and paramedic training schools)
  • Medical teaching institutes (e.g., LUMHS, DOW, PUMHS, AKU)
  • Local Government (District Health System)

Organization of Health System in Pakistan

  • Minister and Secretary of Health make policy-level decisions.
  • Additional and Deputy Secretaries of Health support policy-level decisions.
  • Section officers with support staff assist in planning and management.
  • Director General of Health oversees planning and management.

Healthcare Services

  • Primary healthcare:
  • Basic Health Units (BHU)
  • Rural Health Centers (RHC)
  • 60-80 per district
  • Secondary healthcare:
  • Tehsil Headquarter (THQ) hospitals
  • District Headquarter (DHQ) hospitals
  • 1-4 per district
  • Tertiary healthcare:
  • Teaching hospitals
  • 1-3 per division
  • Health Services facilities:
  • Health houses (LHW) serve 1000 population
  • Basic Health Units (BHU) serve 10,000-30,000 population
  • Rural Health Centers (RHC) serve 30-50 thousand population
  • Tehsil Headquarter (THQ) hospitals serve 2 lac population
  • District Headquarter (DHQ) hospitals serve 10 lac population

Explore the health care delivery system in Pakistan, covering the public, private, and NGOs sectors. Learn about the roles of governments, partners, and stakeholders in improving health at individual, family, and community levels. Discover the WHO definition of health and its significance in the Pakistani context.

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