Geology in Civil Engineering: Earth Structure and Composition Quiz
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Geology in Civil Engineering: Earth Structure and Composition Quiz

This quiz covers topics related to geology in civil engineering, including branches of geology, earth structure and composition, continental drift and plate tectonics. Explore theories such as continental drift theory and the challenges faced in mapping Earth's exterior surfaces.

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Questions and Answers

_______ barked


The _______ meowed




ALFRED WEGENER 1 November 1880 – November 1930 a German climatologist, geologist, geophysicist, meteorologist, and polar _______

<p>RESEARCHER</p> Signup and view all the answers

_______ projection is a conformal cylindrical map projection presented by Flemish geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator in 1569

<p>Mercator</p> Signup and view all the answers

PANGAEA derived from Ancient Greek pan (πᾶν, 'all, entire, whole') and Gaia or Gaea (Γαῖα, 'Mother Earth, land'). The continents are ______!

<p>moving</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Appalachians of the eastern United States and Canada, for example, are just like mountain ranges in eastern Greenland, Ireland, Great Britain, and Norway. This is an example of FOSSIL ______

<p>CORRELATION</p> Signup and view all the answers

Glaciers, glacial striations, bituminous coal, and compacted plant remains are examples of ______ data related to the movement of continents.

<p>PALEOCLIMATE</p> Signup and view all the answers

Understanding Plate Tectonics involves studying the movement of ______.

<p>TECTONIC PLATES</p> Signup and view all the answers

The origin of continents and oceans is an important topic in ______ science.

<p>GEOLOGICAL</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Geology in Civil Engineering

  • Geology is a crucial branch of earth sciences that deals with the study of Earth's structure, composition, and processes.

Earth Structure and Composition

  • The Earth is an ellipsoid, making it challenging to represent on a two-dimensional surface like a world map.
  • World maps are distorted representations of the Earth's surface.

Continental Drift and Plate Tectonics

  • The Continental Drift Theory proposes that the continents are moving.
  • Alfred Wegener, a German climatologist and geologist, introduced the concept of continental drift.

Evidence for Continental Drift

  • The apparent fit of the continents, such as the similar shapes of Africa and South America.
  • Fossil correlation, where similar fossils are found in different continents, indicating a shared history.
  • Rock and mountain correlation, where similar rock formations and mountain ranges are found in different continents.
  • Glaciers and glacial striations, indicating a past ice age.
  • Bituminous coal, which is compacted plant remains, found in different continents.
  • Paleoclimate data, which provides evidence of past climate conditions.

The Origin of Continents and Oceans

  • The movement of tectonic plates is responsible for the creation of continents and oceans.
  • Tectonic plates are in constant motion, resulting in the formation of mountains, volcanoes, and earthquakes.

Plate Tectonics

  • Tectonic plates are large, rigid slabs of the Earth's lithosphere that fit together like a jigsaw puzzle.
  • The movement of tectonic plates is responsible for geological phenomena such as earthquakes, volcanoes, and the creation of mountain ranges.

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