Geography of India Quiz

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9 Questions

What is the approximate latitude range of India?

15° and 30°N

Which region of India is characterized as rugged and mountainous?

Himalayan region

How many square miles does India span approximately?

1,400,000 sq mi

Which of the following countries does NOT share a border with India?

Afghanistan

How many states make up India?

28 states

Which river forms part of the western boundary of the Indian subcontinent?

Indus River

Where is the Thar Desert located in India?

Northwest

Which mountain range runs along India's northern border with Nepal, Bhutan, China, and Tibet?

Himalayan Range

In which region of India is the Deccan Plateau located?

South

Study Notes

Introduction

India, officially known as the Republic of India, is the second-largest country by population and the seventh-largest country by area in the world. Located primarily in South Asia, it shares its borders with Pakistan, Nepal, China, Bhutan, Myanmar (Burma), Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. This article delves into the geography of India, covering its geographical location, size, states and union territories, and physical features.

Geographical Location

India is a part of the Asian continent and comprises the majority of the Indian subcontinent. Its location is approximately between latitudes 8° and 37°N and longitudes 68° and 97°E. Some of its neighboring countries include Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. The country is divided into three main regions: the rugged, mountainous Himalayan region in the north; the Deccan Plateau region in the south; and the Indo-Gangetic Plain in the center.

Size of India

In terms of area, India spans about 3,287,263 square kilometers (1,269,219 square miles). The country is shaped like a triangle, with the apex pointing towards the north-east. It stretches over 3,214 kilometers (2,000 mi) from north to south and 2,933 kilometers (1,822 mi) from east to west.

States and Union Territories

India consists of 28 states and 8 union territories. Some prominent states are Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. The union territories are primarily small islands or remote regions, such as Lakshadweep, which is a group of islands in the Arabian Sea, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, located between the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea.

Physical Features

India's diverse geography encompasses a wide variety of landscapes, from towering mountain ranges to expansive deserts and fertile plains. Its most notable feature is the Himalayan mountain range, which runs along its northern border with Nepal, Bhutan, China, and Tibet. The highest peak in India, and indeed the world, is Mount Everest, located on the Nepal-China border.

The Deccan Plateau, also known as the Central Plateau, covers much of southern India. This region is characterized by flat-topped hills, granite outcrops, and plateaus. In contrast, the Thar Desert stretches across Rajasthan state in the northwest, where temperatures can rise above 45°C (113°F).

Rivers play a significant role in shaping India's landscape. Key rivers include the Indus River, which forms part of the western boundary of the Indian subcontinent; the Brahmaputra river system in northeast India, formed from several rivers originating in the Himalayas; and the river systems that flow into the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

Conclusion

India's geography is richly diverse, with towering mountains, vast deserts, extensive coastlines, and an array of unique ecosystems. Comprising one of the largest populations in the world and encompassing a wide variety of cultures and languages, India offers an intriguing mix of human and natural history, making it a fascinating subject for exploration and study.

Test your knowledge on the geographical location, size, states, union territories, and physical features of India with this informative quiz. Explore details about India's diverse landscapes, ranging from the towering Himalayas in the north to the vast Deccan Plateau in the south.

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