Fuego Volcano Eruption: Recent Developments and Impact

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6 Questions

¿Cuál de las siguientes afirmaciones sobre el volcán Fuego es correcta?

Es uno de los tres grandes estratovolcanes que dominan la ciudad de Antigua, Guatemala.

¿Qué tipo de actividad eruptiva experimentó el Fuego durante 2002?

Estromboliana

¿Qué altura alcanzaron las columnas de ceniza durante la actividad de 2016?

750 metros sobre el borde del cráter

¿Cuál fue la temperatura máxima registrada del flujo de lava durante la erupción de 2018?

700 grados Celsius

¿Qué impacto tuvo la erupción de 2018 en la topografía del volcán?

Se formó un segundo cráter más pequeño junto a la cuenca principal

¿Qué distancia alcanzó el flujo de lava durante la erupción de 2018?

5 kilómetros

Study Notes

Fuego: The Active Volcano Overlooking Antigua, Guatemala

Fuego, one of three large stratovolcanoes overlooking the city of Antigua, Guatemala, has been actively erupting since January 2002. Located near the cities of Panimaché I and II (8 km SW), Fuego has shown signs of significant activity in recent years. Here's a closer look at some key developments and characteristics related to the eruption of Fuego.

Recent Activity

During 2002, Fuego experienced a Strombolian phase, characterized by weak-to-moderate explosions and lava flows. These explosions generated ash plumes that rose 750 meters above the crater rim and drifted ten kilometers westward. In 2016, INSIVUMEH reported the beginning of the 16th Strombolian episode at Fuego, noting the presence of fine-grained ashfall in various locations. Fast forward to 2018, when Fuego was continuously active throughout the first half of the year, producing ash plumes that rose up to 1.1 kilometers above the crater rim.

Impact and Aftermath

The eruption of Fuego in June 2018 resulted in a second, lower crater forming alongside the spewing Fuego basin. The resulting torrent of molten lava extended at least five miles long and destroyed bridges, roads, and buildings in its path. The lava reached record temperatures of about 700 degrees Celsius, posing a significant threat to surrounding communities. Unfortunately, the disaster claimed lives, with an official death toll of 70, though the actual number of fatalities was likely to be higher due to missing individuals.

Current Status

As of January 2023, Fuego was experiencing ongoing moderate activity with frequent ash plumes and explosions. The volcano has been identified as one of the world's most active volcanoes, with eruptions happening as often as every twenty minutes in some cases. Despite its continued activity, researchers and volunteers continue to study and document the events at Fuego.

Explore the recent activity, impact, and current status of the Fuego volcano in Guatemala. Learn about the series of Strombolian explosions, ash plumes, and devastating effects of the eruption in June 2018. Discover why Fuego is considered one of the world's most active volcanoes.

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