Free Africans vs Liberated Africans

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60 Questions

During what time period did the first shipment of Indian labourers leave India for the Caribbean?

1838-1917

How many Indians died within 5 years of landing in the Caribbean?

98

Why was emigration from India suspended until 1844?

High mortality rate

Which country received the largest number of European immigrants?

Jamaica

Why were Europeans considered unsatisfactory as immigrants?

They were prone to tropical diseases

What was a major problem with Madeiran immigration to the Caribbean?

Overwork and inadequate food

Which group of people did the planters import as indentured labourers after emancipation?

Indians

What was the main reason for the planters to support immigration schemes?

To maintain control over the labour force

Why did the planters not consider using other Europeans as replacement labour?

They demanded high wages

What were the main aims of the Crown in supporting immigration?

To reduce wages for labourers

Which two countries were considered ideal sources of labour after slavery ended?

China and India

What was the main problem faced by the planters after emancipation?

Shortage of cheap reliable estate labour

Which factor is NOT mentioned as a cause of Barbados' declining output during the period?

Lack of immigrant labor

What effect did the employment of Indians as field workers have on the black population?

Increased job opportunities

Which of the following is NOT an effect of immigration on Caribbean societies?

Increased racial tensions

Which religion did the Indians who came to the Caribbean mainly follow?

Hinduism

Which festival is NOT mentioned as being celebrated by the Indians in the Caribbean?

Christmas

What was a language barrier for Indian integration in the Caribbean?

Hindi language

Which country did East Indian immigrants serve their indentureship in?

Guyana

What were the living conditions like for laborers on the plantations?

Slave-like

What were the initial contract terms for Indian immigrants in the 1840s?

One year

What were the reasons why some immigrants did not return home at the end of their contract?

They couldn't afford the money for the passage back to India

What were the economic effects of Indian immigration on the sugar industry?

Decrease in sugar production

What impact did immigration have on resident Creoles in the Caribbean?

Forced acceptance of low wages

Which group of Africans were freed by British naval personnel from vessels illegally transporting them to the Caribbean as slaves?

Liberated Africans

Which group of Africans willingly opted to come and work on the plantations in the Caribbean?

Free Africans

What was the main reason why the British government was initially reluctant to grant approval for obtaining Africans from the Kru Coast and Sierra Leone?

The British government did not want to revive the slave trade

Which country did the majority of Chinese immigrants come from during the period 1859-1886?

Macao

Why did most Chinese immigrants prefer to go to the United States or find work nearer to home in Java or the Philippines instead of the West Indies?

They were ill-treated in the West Indies

What were some of the reasons why Indians were easily recruited to migrate to the Caribbean?

Overpopulation and lack of land in India

Which factor contributed to the expansion of social services in the Caribbean as a result of immigration?

Medical facilities

What was the impact of immigration on Caribbean societies?

Formation of multi-ethnic societies

Which religion did the Indians who came to the Caribbean mainly follow?

Hinduism

What festival was celebrated by the Hindus in the Caribbean?

Divali

What culinary skills were introduced by Indian immigrants in the Caribbean?

Curry and roti

What was a language barrier for Indian integration in the Caribbean?

Hindi

Between 1838 and 1917, which of the following Caribbean countries received Indian laborers?

Jamaica

Which group of immigrants did the Anti-Slavery Society in England oppose?

Indians

Which group of immigrants did the planters see as the key solution to their labor and financial problems?

Indians

Which country received the largest number of Indian laborers by the end of the 19th century?

Jamaica

Which group of immigrants was brought in to increase the size of the white population and set an example of industry to ex-slaves?

Europeans

Which group of immigrants suffered severely from yellow fever, malaria, overwork, and inadequate food?

Madeirans

Which two countries were considered ideal sources of labour after slavery ended?

China and India

What were the main aims of the Crown in supporting immigration?

Restore and expand the sugar industry, create a steady supply of laborers, ensure control over the labor force, keep wages low

What was a major problem with Madeiran immigration to the Caribbean?

Language barrier

What were the initial contract terms for Indian immigrants in the 1840s?

5 years

Which religion did the Indians who came to the Caribbean mainly follow?

Hinduism

What impact did immigration have on resident Creoles in the Caribbean?

Increased competition for jobs

Which of the following was NOT a method of recruitment for Indian immigrants to the Caribbean?

Withholding or misinterpreting information about the job

Why did some Indian immigrants choose not to return home at the end of their contract?

All of the above

What difficulties did immigration create for resident Creoles in the Caribbean?

All of the above

What were the economic effects of Indian immigration on the sugar industry?

All of the above

Which of the following is NOT a reason why immigration did not have its desired impact on the sugar industry?

Increased output in territories like Barbados

What led to the end of East Indian immigration in 1917?

The passing of the Abolition of Indenture Act by the Indian Legislative Council

Which group of Africans were forcibly indentured for up to five years in the Caribbean?

Liberated Africans

What was a major problem with Chinese immigration to the West Indies?

Chinese immigrants were not accustomed to tropical agriculture

What was the main reason why Indians were easily recruited to migrate to the Caribbean?

India was a British colony

What was the main problem faced by the planters after emancipation in terms of laborers?

The number of liberated Africans was too small to make a difference

Why did most Chinese immigrants prefer to go to the United States or find work nearer to home in Java or the Philippines instead of the West Indies?

Chinese immigrants were ill-treated in Cuba

What was the main reason why the British government was initially reluctant to grant approval for obtaining Africans from the Kru Coast and Sierra Leone?

It seemed to be a revival of the slave trade

Quiz: Understanding the Distinction between Free Africans and Liberated Africans Test your knowledge on the two groups of Africans employed as laborers in the post-emancipation period. Learn about the differences between free Africans who willingly came to work in the Caribbean and liberated Africans who were freed from illegal transport ships by British naval personnel. Challenge yourself with this informative quiz!

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