Foodborne and Waterborne Diseases Overview
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Foodborne and Waterborne Diseases Overview

Learn about infectious diseases transmitted through the consumption of contaminated food and water. Explore the fecal-oral route of transmission, the role of pathogens in fecal matter, and the symptoms associated with these diseases.

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@ReputableAstrophysics

Questions and Answers

What is the primary mode of transmission for foodborne and waterborne diseases?

Fecal-oral route

What is the primary portal of entry for foodborne and waterborne pathogens?

Mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract

What is the typical incubation period for bacterial intoxication caused by foodborne and waterborne diseases?

Short (minutes to hours)

Which of the following is NOT a common symptom of foodborne and waterborne diseases?

<p>Muscle weakness</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the best preventive measure against foodborne and waterborne diseases?

<p>Washing hands and consuming well-cooked food</p> Signup and view all the answers

How is Brucellosis transmitted to humans?

<p>Via contaminated water and food</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which symptom is commonly associated with Hepatitis A infection?

<p>Loss of appetite</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a preventive measure for Hepatitis A?

<p>Thorough handwashing</p> Signup and view all the answers

In cases of viral gastroenteritis, which virus is common in children?

<p>Rotavirus</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic of Poliovirus, the causative agent of Poliomyelitis?

<p>Capable of causing paralysis</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which is the most virulent species of Shigella?

<p>Shigella dysenteriae</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary reservoir for Shigella?

<p>Humans</p> Signup and view all the answers

How is Shigellosis typically transmitted?

<p>Through fecal-contaminated water</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the typical incubation period for Shigellosis?

<p>12 hours to 2 weeks</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main virulence factor for pathogenic E. coli causing gastroenteritis?

<p>Enterotoxin</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main reservoir for Cattle Hemorrhagic Colitis?

<p>Ground beef</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the mode of transmission for Shigella?

<p>Direct contact with an infected person</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main reservoir for Cholera?

<p>Contaminated water</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the virulence factor of Vibrio cholerae?

<p>Halophiles</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a symptom of Cholera infection?

<p>&quot;Rice water&quot; stools</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the common name for Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrhea?

<p>C.diff</p> Signup and view all the answers

How is Clostridium difficile primarily transmitted?

<p>Through contaminated medical equipment</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the recommended treatment for Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrhea?

<p>Antiprotozoal drug (Metronidazole) &amp; antibiotic (Vancomycin)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common symptom of Clostridium difficile-Associated Diarrhea?

<p>Mild diarrhea</p> Signup and view all the answers

How is Salmonellosis mainly acquired?

<p>From ingesting contaminated food or water</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main method of prevention for typhoid fever?

<p>Regular handwashing and good personal hygiene</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which bacterial genus is responsible for causing Bloody Dysentery?

<p>Shigella</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the common symptom of Shigellosis caused by Shiga toxin?

<p>Bloody diarrhea</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a species of Shigella bacteria?

<p>S. boydi</p> Signup and view all the answers

How can chronic carriers of Salmonella be treated?

<p>Antibiotics and oral rehydration therapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a common reservoir for Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the typical incubation period for Salmonella Gastroenteritis (Salmonellosis)?

<p>12-36 hours</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a common symptom of Typhoid Fever, but not typically seen in Salmonellosis?

<p>Rose spots on the skin</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is the primary mode of transmission for Typhoid Fever?

<p>Fecal-contaminated water sources</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the recommended treatment for Salmonellosis?

<p>Oral rehydration and antibiotics</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a virulence factor of Salmonella bacteria?

<p>Ability to invade the intestinal mucosa</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary reservoir for Typhoid Fever?

<p>Humans</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a characteristic symptom of Typhoid Fever?

<p>Prolonged high fever (104°F)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the recommended diagnostic method for identifying the specific serovar or strain of Salmonella in a food sample?

<p>Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a potential complication of Typhoid Fever in severe cases?

<p>Intestinal wall ulceration and perforation</p> Signup and view all the answers

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