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IllustriousRocket
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20 Questions

What is the primary reason for the movement of water between compartments in the body?

Differences in solute concentration

What is the term for the movement of water from an area of low solute concentration to high solute concentration through a semi-permeable membrane?

Osmosis

Why is it essential to balance water intake with losses through defecation, sweating, and urination?

To maintain overall fluid balance

Which of the following is NOT a factor affecting overall body fluid balance?

Body mass index

What happens to cells when there is excess water due to disruption in solute or water balance?

They swell

Which avenue is NOT a major route for water loss in the body?

Liver

What is the primary function of electrolytes like sodium in maintaining fluid balance?

To trigger water movement

What is the result of excess water loss due to disruption in solute or water balance?

Dehydration

Why is it essential to have the right amount of fluid in the body?

For proper functioning

What is the term for the balance between the amount of solutes and water in the body?

Solute balance

What is the primary mechanism for regulating fluid balance?

Focusing on water loss and regulating it

What hormonal response is responsible for promoting sodium reabsorption in the kidneys?

Aldosterone

What effect does a hypotonic environment have on cells?

Cell swelling due to water moving in

What condition can result from excessive water intake or improper IV usage?

Hyponatremia

What is the primary role of the atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in fluid balance regulation?

Promoting sodium and water excretion

What are the common causes of hypertonicity in the body?

Inadequate water intake, excessive water loss, or excess solute gain

What effect does a hypertonic environment have on cells?

Cell shrinkage due to water moving out

What condition is often seen in athletes who replace only water after intense sweating?

Water intoxication or overhydration

What is the role of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) in fluid balance regulation?

Promoting water reabsorption

What effect does an isotonic solution have on cells?

No net change in cell shape or structure

Learn about fluid balance, electrolyte balance, and acid-base balance in the human body. Understand the importance of proper distribution of fluids among different regions and factors affecting overall body fluid balance.

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