Factories Act 1934 Definitions Quiz

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What does 'adolescent' mean according to the Factories Act, 1934?

A person who has completed his 15th but has not completed his 17th year.

Define 'week' as per the Factories Act, 1934.

A period of 7 days beginning at midnight on Saturday night.

What is the definition of 'power' in the context of the Factories Act, 1934?

Electrical energy, and any other form of energy which is mechanically transmitted and is not generated by human or animal agency.

According to the Factories Act, 1934, what does 'manufacturing process' mean?

Any process for making, altering, repairing, ornamenting, finishing or packing, or otherwise treating any article or substance with a view to its use, sale, transport, delivery or disposal, or for pumping oil, water or sewage or for generating and transmitting power.

How is 'day' defined under the Factories Act, 1934?

A period of 24 hours beginning at midnight.

What is the definition of 'Factory' according to the text?

Factory means any premises where ten or more workers are working and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on or is ordinarily carried on.

Who is considered the 'Occupier' of a factory?

The occupier of a factory is the person who has ultimate control over the affairs of the factory, or the managing agent if the affairs are entrusted to them.

What is the meaning of 'Machinery' as per the text?

'Machinery' includes all plants whereby power is generated, transformed, transmitted, or applied.

What is the definition of a 'Seasonal Factory' according to the text?

A seasonal factory is one exclusively engaged in specific manufacturing processes, such as cotton ginning, pressing, or the manufacture of coffee, indigo, lac, rubber, sugar, or tea.

What powers does the Provincial Government have according to the text?

The Provincial Government has powers to declare seasonal factories, exempt certain factories from the Act, and treat different departments of a factory as separate factories.

Study Notes

Definitions under the Factories Act, 1934

  • An 'adolescent' is a person who has completed 15 years of age but has not completed 18 years of age.
  • A 'week' is a period of seven days beginning at midnight on Sunday.
  • 'Power' means electrical energy, or any other form of energy which is mechanically transmitted and is not generated by human or animal agency.

Key Terms and Concepts

  • A 'manufacturing process' includes any process for making, altering, repairing, ornamenting, finishing, or otherwise treating any article or substance with a view to its use, sale, transport, or disposal.
  • A 'day' means a period of 24 hours beginning at midnight.
  • A 'factory' is any premises, including the precincts thereof, whereon or within which 10 or more workers are working or were working on any day of the preceding 12 months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on, or is ordinarily so carried on.

Key Roles and Responsibilities

  • The 'Occupier' of a factory is the person who has ultimate control over the affairs of the factory.

Machinery and Equipment

  • 'Machinery' includes all parts of a prime mover, and transmission machinery, and all machinery which is driven by power derived from a prime mover.

Seasonal Factories

  • A 'Seasonal Factory' is a factory which is exclusively engaged in a manufacturing process which is seasonal in character, and wherein the work is done only during a particular season or part of the year.

Government Powers

  • The Provincial Government has the power to exempt, subject to conditions, any factory or class of factories from the operation of all or any of the provisions of the Act.

Test your knowledge of the definitions in the Factories Act, 1934 with this quiz. Explore the meanings of terms such as Adolescent, Adult, Child, Day, and Week as defined in the Act's 82 sections.

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