Evolution and Individual Differences in Psychology
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Evolution and Individual Differences in Psychology

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Questions and Answers

Who is credited with the concept of 'Inheritance of acquired characteristics'?

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

Where did the center of psychology shift to due to the acceptance of evolution?

United States

Who noted that environmental changes led to structural changes in organisms?

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

Which theorist believed in the evolution through natural selection before Darwin?

<p>Darwin's Grandfather</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who was born in England, received no formal education, and worked in various jobs before becoming a journalist?

<p>Herbert Spencer</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which country birthed the theory of evolution but did not fully accept it to the extent that the US did?

<p>United Kingdom</p> Signup and view all the answers

Who inspired Spencer's interest in psychology and evolution?

<p>John Stuart Mill</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to Spencer, what is the hallmark of a more intelligent animal?

<p>The ability to make a greater number of associations</p> Signup and view all the answers

What principle did Spencer introduce to explain the persistence of behaviors?

<p>The Spencer-Bain principle</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was Spencer's view on the role of government in relation to evolution?

<p>Government should have a laissez-faire approach to allow natural selection</p> Signup and view all the answers

How did Spencer's view of evolution differ from Darwin's?

<p>Spencer believed evolution had a purpose and progressed towards perfection</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was Spencer's theory called that combined empiricism, associationism, and nativism?

<p>Evolutionary Associationism</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the name of Spencer's widely read work on psychology?

<p>Principles of Psychology</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following did Spencer contribute to the history of psychology?

<p>The promotion of positive science and utilitarian ethics</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was Spencer's view on vaccines?

<p>The text does not mention Spencer's view on vaccines</p> Signup and view all the answers

How did Spencer's ideas on evolution relate to religion?

<p>He believed evolution would eventually replace religion</p> Signup and view all the answers

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