Fairy tales chapter 1 Quiz 1

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12 Questions

What is the defining characteristic of a folk tale?

It has been collected from oral sources and transcribed into print.

How is a wonder tale typically defined?

As a tale with miraculous transformations aiding protagonists.

What distinguishes a fairy tale from a wonder tale?

Fairy tales have literary origins and are written by known authors.

What term is used in German to distinguish artistic tales?

Kunstmärchen

Folk tales were mainly told and retold by which group of individuals?

Women of non-literate classes

Fairy tales as a term first appeared around which period?

1750 AD

Why are European folk and fairy tales considered an excellent laboratory for reflecting upon different ways of telling stories?

They challenge conventional assumptions about literary texts

What is a characteristic of folk or fairy tales that makes them suitable for studying the nature of story itself?

They show a tendency to escape print as a medium

How do folk and fairy tales challenge conventional assumptions about literary texts?

They lack identifiable authors

What makes folk and fairy tales anomalous in the literary field?

They do not conform to conventional assumptions about literary texts

How do folk and fairy tales provide an opportunity to examine the nature of story itself?

By escaping print as a medium and allowing for various versions

Why are scholars and theoreticians interested in studying folk and fairy tales?

Because they challenge traditional views on storytelling and authorship

Study Notes

Folk Tale vs Fairy Tale

  • Folk tale is defined as a body of stories told and retold by non-literate classes, especially women, across Europe for many centuries before and after the invention of print.
  • Folk tale is of popular, anonymous, and oral origin, and its defining characteristic is that it has been collected by being transcribed from oral tellers and has made its way into print.
  • The German term for folk tale is Volksmärchen.
  • A subcategory of folk tale is the wonder tale, which features miraculous transformations that enable disadvantaged protagonists to gain advantages and succeed in life.

Characteristics of Fairy Tale

  • Fairy tale is literary in origin and conception, first making its appearance as a stable written text by a known single author.
  • The defining characteristic of fairy tale is the incorporation of an element of the fantastic, that is, happenings beyond realistic possibility.
  • The term 'fairy tale' itself only appears c.1750.
  • The German term for fairy tale is Kunstmärchen, which distinguishes it as 'artistic'.

Importance of Folk and Fairy Tale

  • European folk and fairy tales provide a laboratory for reflecting upon different ways of telling stories and for thinking about the ways that critics and scholars have approached stories.
  • Folk and fairy tales seem to be the most basic sort of story, and can be retold and updated while remaining recognisably the same story.
  • These tales challenge many conventional assumptions about the nature of literary texts, such as the idea that they have an author, a stable text, and that the reader should obediently consume it in an authoritative version.

Explore the significance of European folk and fairy tales in understanding different storytelling techniques and scholarly analysis. Learn how these traditional tales can be adapted and updated while retaining their core essence.

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