ESS Chapter 4: Early American History & Native American Civilizations
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ESS Chapter 4: Early American History & Native American Civilizations

Review the history of the United States east of the Mississippi River, focusing on Native American civilizations and cultures before European contact.

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@ComfortingDaffodil

Questions and Answers

The Iroquois Confederacy was formed to maintain war and mutual aggression among its member tribes.

False

The Cherokee had a patrilineal society, tracing descent and inheritance through the male line.

False

The Cherokee traded European goods such as deerskins and metal tools with European settlers.

False

The Iroquois Confederacy operated under a system of governance that included a monarch and a council that made decisions through majority vote.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Trail of Tears was a voluntary relocation of the Cherokee Nation to what is now Oklahoma.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Iroquois Confederacy included five member tribes: the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Cherokee had a minor role in the community, with limited responsibilities and no significant power.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Iroquois Confederacy was a short-lived alliance that dissolved after a few years.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Iroquois were a patriarchal society, where descent and inheritance were traced through the father's line.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Iroquois Confederacy had a significant influence on the development of the US Constitution.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

New York City is the capital of the United States.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Iroquois lived in small, individual homes.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Iroquois system had no concept of checks and balances.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Atlanta is a major city in the state of New York.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Women had no significant power in Iroquois society.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Iroquois Confederacy had no influence on the development of American democratic principles.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Cherokee people lived in what is now the southwestern United States before European contact.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Mississippian culture was known for its small, simple cities.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

European colonization of the region did not significantly affect Native American populations.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Cherokee people had a patrilineal clan system.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Iroquois tribe was the only tribe that inhabited the region east of the Mississippi River before European contact.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The European colonization of the region led to the development of simple, small cities.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Cherokee people were part of the Algonquian language family.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The Cherokee people had no historical connections to other Iroquoian-speaking peoples.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Native American Civilizations

  • The Cherokee and Iroquois were two prominent Native American civilizations that existed east of the Mississippi River before European contact.

Cherokee Society

  • The Cherokee had a rich oral tradition, elaborate ceremonies, and a strong emphasis on community and kinship.
  • They practiced agriculture, growing crops such as corn, beans, and squash, and were skilled hunters and fishers.
  • The Cherokee were a matrilineal society, where descent and inheritance were traced through the female line.
  • Women held significant power, including property rights and the selection of chiefs.

Interaction with European Settlers

  • Initial interactions with European settlers involved trade and occasional conflicts.
  • The Cherokee traded deerskins and other goods for European metal tools, weapons, and textiles.
  • Colonial pressure led to conflicts over land and resources, and the Cherokee faced pressure to cede land and were involved in various treaties.
  • The Trail of Tears in the 1830s led to the death and suffering of thousands as they were forcibly removed from their homelands to what is now Oklahoma.

Iroquois Confederacy

  • The Iroquois Confederacy, also known as the Haudenosaunee or the Six Nations, was formed to maintain peace and mutual defense among its member tribes.
  • The Confederacy operated under the Great Law of Peace, a sophisticated system of governance that included elected representatives (sachems) and a council that made decisions through consensus.
  • The Iroquois lived in longhouses, which were large wood-constructed homes that housed multiple families from the same clan.
  • Iroquois society was matrilineal, and women held significant power, including ownership of property and choice of tribal leaders.

Influence on American Democratic Principles

  • The governance structure of the Iroquois Confederacy influenced early American political thinkers.
  • Concepts such as federalism, checks and balances, and representative democracy found parallels in the Iroquois system.
  • The Iroquois system influenced the development of the U.S. Constitution, recognizing the value of unity and democratic governance.

Major Metropolitan Areas

  • New York City is the largest city in the United States, a global financial hub, and a cultural powerhouse.
  • Chicago is known for its architectural innovation, rich cultural scene, and significant contributions to music, particularly jazz and blues.
  • Atlanta is a major business city, home to corporations like Coca-Cola and Delta Airlines.

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