Erik Erikson Stages of Psychosocial Development Quiz
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Erik Erikson Stages of Psychosocial Development Quiz

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Questions and Answers

Which part of the mind contains consciousness, according to the text?

The ego

What did Freud define as unconscious strategies to protect oneself from anxious thoughts or feelings?

Defense mechanisms

What is the main characteristic of denial as a defense mechanism?

Refusing to acknowledge an event

In the example provided, how does the man react when he hears that his wife has been killed?

<p>He starts acting bizarrely</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does displacement involve according to the text?

<p>Shifting actions from the desired target to a substitute target</p> Signup and view all the answers

What level do defense mechanisms operate at according to the text?

<p>Unconscious level</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to Social Cognitive Theory, which aspect plays a significant role in personality development?

<p>Environment</p> Signup and view all the answers

What did Albert Bandura emphasize as a key element in his theory?

<p>Self-efficacy</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to Bandura, what is self-regulation primarily about?

<p>Controlling our own behaviors</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which theory focuses on psychological growth, personal awareness, and free will?

<p>Humanistic Theory</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the three primary components of Reciprocal Determinism according to Bandura?

<p>Environment, behavior, and person’s psychological processes</p> Signup and view all the answers

In Social Cognitive Theory, what does self-efficacy refer to?

<p>Beliefs about one's ability to perform desired behaviors</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology, psychologically unhealthy individuals strive for __________.

<p>Personal superiority</p> Signup and view all the answers

Alfred Adler introduced the term 'striving for success' to describe the actions of individuals motivated by __________.

<p>Highly developed social interest</p> Signup and view all the answers

In Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology, each individual is guided by a final goal that is __________.

<p>Fictional and has no objective existence</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to Erik Erikson's theory, what did he emphasize as a source of energy in itself?

<p>The ego</p> Signup and view all the answers

Erik Erikson, similar to Freud, believed that personality develops in a __________ order.

<p>Predetermined</p> Signup and view all the answers

In Erik Erikson's theory, he emphasized how socialization affects __________.

<p>Sense of self</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary focus during the Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt stage according to Erik Erikson's theory?

<p>Fostering self-control without losing self-esteem</p> Signup and view all the answers

What can lead to the feeling of guilt in the Initiative vs. Guilt stage according to Erik Erikson's theory?

<p>Failure to develop a sense of responsibility</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which psychological tendency characterizes the Trust vs. Mistrust stage in Erik Erikson's theory?

<p>Positive/syntactic</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key outcome for a child who successfully navigates the Industry vs. Inferiority stage according to Erik Erikson's theory?

<p>Gaining mastery and competence</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which stage in Erik Erikson's theory focuses on discovering what kind of person one is going to be?

<p>Initiative vs. guilt</p> Signup and view all the answers

What differentiates the Identity vs. Identity Confusion stage from the other stages in Erik Erikson's theory?

<p>Exploration of personal identity</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to Carl Rogers, what is the driving force behind human behavior?

<p>Actualizing tendency</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do trait theories of personality primarily focus on individual differences?

<p>By measuring, identifying, and describing traits</p> Signup and view all the answers

What did Gordon Allport conclude about personality traits?

<p>They can be divided into categories varying in importance</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a category of personality traits according to Allport?

<p>Key traits</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the context of personality traits, what is a distinguishing quality or characteristic typically belonging to a person?

<p>Masterful/skillful</p> Signup and view all the answers

What concept did Carl Rogers emphasize as essential in understanding human behavior?

<p>Actualizing tendency</p> Signup and view all the answers

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