Entamoeba histolytica & Amoebiasis
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Entamoeba histolytica & Amoebiasis

Test your knowledge on Entamoeba histolytica and amoebiasis! Learn about the symptoms, transmission methods, and the role of houseflies in spreading this protozoan parasite.

Created by
@LegendaryMajesty

Questions and Answers

Which of the following is a common symptom of ringworm?

Itching

Where do fungi that cause ringworm thrive the most?

In skin folds

How are ringworms generally acquired?

From soil

What is an important measure for personal hygiene?

<p>Regular handwashing</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an important measure for public hygiene?

<p>Proper disposal of waste</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which diseases are transmitted through food and water?

<p>Typhoid, amoebiasis, and ascariasis</p> Signup and view all the answers

How can air-borne diseases be prevented?

<p>Avoiding close contact with infected persons</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the most important measure to control malaria and filariasis?

<p>Spraying of insecticides</p> Signup and view all the answers

What has enabled us to completely eradicate smallpox?

<p>Vaccines</p> Signup and view all the answers

What has enabled us to control diseases like polio, diphtheria, pneumonia, and tetanus?

<p>Vaccines</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which parasite causes amoebiasis (amoebic dysentery)?

<p>Entamoeba histolytica</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the symptoms of ascariasis?

<p>Internal bleeding, muscular pain, fever, anemia</p> Signup and view all the answers

How is Entamoeba histolytica transmitted to food and food products?

<p>Through houseflies acting as mechanical carriers</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which helminth is known to be pathogenic to humans and causes elephantiasis?

<p>Wuchereria</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main source of infection for amoebiasis?

<p>Drinking water and food contaminated by fecal matter</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the symptoms of ringworms caused by fungi?

<p>Appearance of dry, scaly lesions on various parts of the body</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do houseflies transmit Entamoeba histolytica?

<p>They serve as mechanical carriers from feces to food and food products</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which parasite causes ascariasis?

<p>Ascaris</p> Signup and view all the answers

How are filarial worms transmitted to a healthy person?

<p>Through the bite of female mosquito vectors</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the main symptoms of amoebiasis?

<p>Constipation, abdominal pain, stools with excess mucous and blood clots</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Ringworm and Fungi

  • Ringworm is a common fungal infection characterized by circular patches on the skin, itching, and redness.
  • Fungi that cause ringworm thrive in warm, moist environments, such as locker rooms, swimming pools, and gyms.

Transmission of Ringworm

  • Ringworms are generally acquired through direct contact with an infected animal or person, or by touching contaminated objects.

Personal and Public Hygiene

  • Washing hands regularly is an important measure for personal hygiene to prevent the spread of diseases.
  • Proper disposal of human waste and excreta is essential for public hygiene.

Disease Transmission

  • Diseases like cholera, typhoid, and hepatitis A are transmitted through contaminated food and water.
  • Air-borne diseases can be prevented by avoiding close contact with infected individuals and maintaining good ventilation.

Malaria and Filariasis

  • The most important measure to control malaria and filariasis is to eliminate breeding sites of mosquitoes and use insecticides.

Eradication of Smallpox and Control of Other Diseases

  • Global vaccination efforts enabled us to completely eradicate smallpox.
  • Vaccination has enabled us to control diseases like polio, diphtheria, pneumonia, and tetanus.

Parasitic Diseases

  • Amoebiasis (amoebic dysentery) is caused by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica.
  • Symptoms of ascariasis include abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • Entamoeba histolytica is transmitted to food and food products through contaminated water, soil, and poor hygiene practices.
  • Wuchereria bancrofti is a helminth that causes elephantiasis and is transmitted through the bite of infected mosquitoes.
  • The main source of infection for amoebiasis is contaminated food and water.
  • Symptoms of ringworms caused by fungi include circular patches on the skin, itching, and redness.
  • Houseflies transmit Entamoeba histolytica through their feces, which can contaminate food and water.
  • Ascaris lumbricoides is a parasite that causes ascariasis.
  • Filarial worms are transmitted to a healthy person through the bite of infected mosquitoes.
  • The main symptoms of amoebiasis include diarrhea, abdominal pain, and blood in the stool.

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