Endocrine Pharmacology Quiz

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Dr. Ruadhan O Laoi gave a lecture on Endocrine Pharmacology in October 2023.


To diagnose a hormone deficiency, one should try to stimulate it with its stimulating hormone.


Somatostatin stimulates the release of growth hormone.


LH stands for Luteinising Hormone.


Thyrotropin-releasing hormone is released by the anterior pituitary.


Match the following heart conditions with their primary histological characteristics:

Pericarditis = Pericardial inflammation Myocarditis = Inflammation of the myocardium Endocarditis = Inflammation of the endocardium Rheumatic heart disease = Histological changes due to autoimmune response

Match the following heart conditions with their primary microbiological causes:

Pericarditis = Viral (HIV, HSV), bacterial (mycobacterium tuberculosis), fungal (aspergillus), parasites Myocarditis = Varied causes including viral, bacterial, and parasitic infections Endocarditis = Bacterial infection, primarily affecting heart valves Rheumatic heart disease = Autoimmune response triggered by streptococcal infection

Match the layers of the pericardium with their characteristics:

Fibrous pericardium = Outer layer of the double-walled fibroelastic sac Parietal layer = Adhesed to the fibrous layer Visceral layer = Adhesed to the heart Pericardial cavity = Space between the two layers containing serous fluid

Study Notes

Endocrinology Rules

  • To diagnose hormone deficiency, stimulate the hormone with its stimulating hormone.
  • To diagnose hormone excess, suppress the hormone to prove it is truly in excess.
  • Knowing endocrine pathways is essential to apply these rules and understand endocrinology.

Pituitary Endocrinology and Pharmacology

  • Hypothalamic hormones regulate the pituitary gland:
    • GnRH: Gonadotrophin releasing Hormone
    • CRH: Corticotrophin releasing Hormone
    • TRH: Thyrotropin releasing Hormone
    • GHRH: Growth Hormone releasing hormone
    • Somatostatin: Inhibits GH
    • DA: Dopamine: Inhibits PRL
  • Anterior Pituitary hormones:
    • LH: Luteinising Hormone
    • FSH: Follicle Stimulating Hormone
    • ACTH: Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
    • TSH: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
    • GH: Growth Hormone
    • PRL: Prolactin

Test your knowledge of endocrine pharmacology with this quiz based on a lecture by Dr. Ruadhan O Laoi. Explore topics such as pituitary, adrenal, and thyroid endocrinology pharmacology, as well as the rules of diagnosis in endocrinology. Perfect for medical students, healthcare professionals, and anyone interested in endocrine medicine.

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