Endocrine Pharmacology
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Endocrine Pharmacology

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@FashionableMookaite

Questions and Answers

Where do corticosteroids combine with receptors in the cell?

Cytoplasm

Which type of hormone is secreted by the adrenal cortex?

Glucocorticoids

Which type of corticosteroid is classified as short-acting?

Cortisol (hydrocortisone)

Which hormone stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol?

<p>Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the pharmacological actions of corticosteroids?

<p>Anti-inflammatory &amp; Immunosuppressive</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of corticosteroid is classified as long-acting?

<p>Dexamethasone</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where do corticosteroids attach to glucocorticoids response element?

<p>Nucleus</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which hormone stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol?

<p>Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary pharmacological action of corticosteroids?

<p>Anti-inflammatory &amp; Immunosuppressive</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which part of the adrenal glands secretes mineralocorticoids?

<p>Adrenal cortex</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Corticosteroids and Adrenal Glands

  • Corticosteroids combine with receptors in the cytoplasm of the cell.
  • The adrenal cortex secretes steroid hormones, also known as corticosteroids.
  • Hydrocortisone is classified as a short-acting corticosteroid.
  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol.
  • The pharmacological actions of corticosteroids include anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive, and anti-allergic effects.
  • Dexamethasone is classified as a long-acting corticosteroid.
  • Corticosteroids attach to glucocorticoids response elements in the DNA.
  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulates the adrenal glands to produce cortisol.
  • The primary pharmacological action of corticosteroids is to reduce inflammation by suppressing the immune response.
  • The adrenal cortex secretes mineralocorticoids, which are involved in electrolyte and water balance.

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Description

Test your knowledge of endocrine pharmacology with a focus on corticosteroids in this quiz by Dr. Esraa Mostafa Elnahas. Learn about the adrenal cortex's secretion of glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and sex hormones, as well as the role of the HPA axis and cortisol production.

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