Early Twentieth Century Ethiopian Historiography
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Early Twentieth Century Ethiopian Historiography

Explore the emergence of traditional Ethiopian writers in the early twentieth century who moved away from chronicling events to delving into social justice, administrative reform, economic analysis, and history. Learn about notable figures like Taye, Fisseha-Giorgis, Asme, Afework, and Gebre-Hiwot and their contributions to Ethiopian historiography.

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@EnthusiasticLepidolite

Questions and Answers

Dejjazmach Kebede Tesema wrote his memoir of the imperial period titled __________ in 1962 E.C.

Yetarik Mastawesha

Gebre-Wold Engidawork wrote about land tenure in his work, __________

Prester John of the Indies

The opening of the Department of History at Haile Selassie I University (now AAU) happened in the __________

1960s

Professionalization of history in other parts of the Horn is a post-colonial __________

<p>phenomenon</p> Signup and view all the answers

Foundational research on ancient Ethiopian history was done at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in __________

<p>London</p> Signup and view all the answers

The German historian, Leopold Von Ranke, is considered the 'father of modern __________.'

<p>historiography</p> Signup and view all the answers

The earliest known reference on the history of Ethiopia is the Periplus of the Erythrean Sea, written in the 1st century A.D by an unknown author, which is a significant source for understanding early Ethiopian __________.

<p>history</p> Signup and view all the answers

Christian Topography, composed by Cosmas Indicopleustes in the sixth century A.D, describes Aksum's trade and the campaigns of the Aksumite king, providing insights into the region's __________.

<p>history</p> Signup and view all the answers

The earliest written Ethiopian material, dating from the seventh century A.D and found in Abba Gerima monastery in Yeha, showcases a glimpse into early Ethiopian __________.

<p>history</p> Signup and view all the answers

A religious manuscript discovered in Haiq Istifanos monastery in the 13th century A.D provides valuable information on Ethiopian __________ during that era.

<p>history</p> Signup and view all the answers

The largest groups of sources available for medieval Ethiopian history are hagiographies originating from the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, which primarily aim at enhancing the prestige of __________.

<p>saints</p> Signup and view all the answers

______ was the most prolific writer of early twentieth century Ethiopia, publishing major works such as Ethiopiana Metema, Wazema, Yehiwot Tarik, and Yeityopia Tarik. Unfortunately, his work was interrupted by the Italian occupation of Ethiopia. The most prolific writer of the early twentieth century Ethiopia was ______. Hiruy exhibited relative objectivity and methodological sophistication.

<p>Blatten Geta Hiruy Wolde-Selassie</p> Signup and view all the answers

______ formed a bridge between writers in pre-1935 Ethiopia and professional historians. He is known for his better evaluation of sources. After liberation, ______ played a significant role in the development of Ethiopian historiography.

<p>Tekle-Tsadik Mekuria</p> Signup and view all the answers

______ wrote Ye Ityopiya Tarik Be’asra Sidistegnaw. He contributed immensely to the understanding of Ethiopian history. ______ is known for his comprehensive account of Ethiopia’s past.

<p>Yilma Deressa</p> Signup and view all the answers

______'s work Zikre Neger provides a detailed account of Ethiopia’s prewar land tenure systems and taxation. ______'s contribution to Ethiopian historiography is significant due to his focus on economic aspects of the country's history.

<p>Mahteme-Selassie Wolde-Meskel</p> Signup and view all the answers

Asme focused on the history of the ____ people in his writing during the early twentieth century in Ethiopia.

<p>Oromo</p> Signup and view all the answers

Afework is known for writing the first ______ novel, Tobiya, during the early twentieth century in Ethiopia.

<p>Amharic</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Ethiopian Historiography

  • Dejjazmach Kebede Tesema wrote his memoir of the imperial period in 1962 E.C.

Academic Institutions

  • The Department of History at Haile Selassie I University (now AAU) was opened in the 1960s.
  • The School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) in London was the site of foundational research on ancient Ethiopian history.

History of Historiography

  • Professionalization of history in other parts of the Horn is a post-colonial phenomenon.
  • Leopold Von Ranke is considered the 'father of modern historiography.'

Ancient Ethiopian History

  • The Periplus of the Erythrean Sea (1st century A.D.) is the earliest known reference on the history of Ethiopia, providing insights into early Ethiopian trade.
  • Christian Topography (6th century A.D.) describes Aksum's trade and the campaigns of the Aksumite king, providing insights into the region's politics.
  • The earliest written Ethiopian material (7th century A.D.) was found in Abba Gerima monastery in Yeha, showcasing early Ethiopian literature.
  • A religious manuscript discovered in Haiq Istifanos monastery (13th century A.D) provides valuable information on Ethiopian Christianity during that era.

Medieval Ethiopian History

  • Hagiographies originating from the Ethiopian Orthodox Church are the largest groups of sources available, primarily aiming to enhance the prestige of saints.

Twentieth-Century Ethiopian Historians

  • Gebre-Wold Engidawork wrote about land tenure in his work.
  • Hiruy exhibited relative objectivity and methodological sophistication in his writing.
  • Zikre Neger provides a detailed account of Ethiopia's pre-war land tenure systems and taxation.
  • Asme focused on the history of the Muslim people in his writing during the early twentieth century in Ethiopia.
  • Afework is known for writing the first Amharic novel, Tobiya, during the early twentieth century in Ethiopia.

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