DNA Replication and RNA Primase Quiz
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DNA Replication and RNA Primase Quiz

Test your knowledge on DNA replication and the role of RNA primase in adding nucleotides to the new DNA strands. Learn about base pairing and how it contributes to the construction of new DNA molecules.

Created by
@MagicBixbite

Questions and Answers

During DNA replication, base pairs can be added to each strand. Which nucleotide always pairs with T?

A

What is the enzyme called that adds the first few nucleotides as a primer during DNA replication?

RNA primase

Which enzyme latches onto the strand being created during DNA replication?

DNA polymerase

What is the process called that is used to make multiple copies of a gene?

<p>Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is the first section of the course 'The Biology of Biotech' about?

<p>The cell</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the objective of Section 1 of the course 'The Biology of Biotech'?

<p>To define biotechnology</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are some examples of buzzwords related to biotechnology mentioned in the text?

<p>Immunotherapy and Gene Therapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is it important to learn about the cell in the context of biotechnology?

<p>To explore treatment methods</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a function of the nucleus?

<p>Processing proteins</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main function of the Golgi apparatus?

<p>Processing proteins</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of mitochondria in the cell?

<p>Producing energy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of cytoskeletal components in the cell?

<p>Giving structure to the cell</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT true about DNA?

<p>DNA is present in all cells except red blood cells</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of the phosphate group in a nucleotide?

<p>To provide energy for connecting nucleotides</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the significance of the three prime and five prime positions in DNA?

<p>They determine how nucleotides connect to each other</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the basic unit of life and the heart of biotechnology?

<p>Cells</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which component of DNA is responsible for creating the differences between DNA in different organisms?

<p>Base</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of DNA polymerase?

<p>To connect nucleotides in the DNA strand</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is true about the sequence of DNA?

<p>The sequence of the bases determines the information contained in DNA</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the implication of complementary base pairing in DNA?

<p>It allows DNA to have a matching strand</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which molecule binds to a receptor and blocks its signal, halting cell proliferation?

<p>Antagonist</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of an agonist?

<p>To activate a receptor</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of receptors in cell signaling?

<p>To transmit signals from the cell surface to the nucleus</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the relationship between ligands and receptors?

<p>Ligands bind to receptors like a lock and key</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which component of the genome can be compared to chapters in a book?

<p>Chromosomes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the approximate number of genes in the human genome?

<p>22,000</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the approximate number of bases per gene in the human genome?

<p>14,000</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which statement about the genetic makeup of humans and chimpanzees is true?

<p>99% of the human genome is identical to the chimpanzee genome</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which organisms have nearly the same number of bases and genes as humans?

<p>Mice</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the analogy used to explain the relationship between bases, genes, and chromosomes?

<p>Book and chapters</p> Signup and view all the answers

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