Computer Ports and Connectors Overview

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12 Questions

What type of connector is a PS/2 port?

6-pin mini-DIN connector for keyboards and mice

Which port is commonly used for connecting devices to local area networks?

Ethernet Port/LAN Port

What does a DIMM slot primarily allow you to insert into a computer?

RAM modules

Which component maintains values in CMOS and provides power to the BIOS chip?

CMOS Battery

What is the main function of the CPU Fan Power Connector?

Connects CPU fan power

Which component converts AC to regulated DC power in a computer system?

Power Supply Unit (PSU)

What type of interface is a DVI port primarily used for?

Video transmission

Which port is commonly found on video cards and monitors?

VGA Port

What is the main purpose of the BIOS chip in a computer system?

Runs the first code on PC start-up

What do IDE connectors primarily facilitate in a computer system?

Storage device connection

What component is responsible for storing working data and machine code temporarily?

Random-Access Memory (RAM)

Which connector supplies power to the CPU voltage regulator module in a computer system?

ATX Power Connector

Study Notes

Ports and Connectors

  • PS/2 Port: 6-pin mini-DIN connector for keyboards and mice
  • Serial Port: 9-pin interface for serial communication
  • Parallel Port: 25-pin interface for connecting peripherals
  • USB Port: Universal Serial Bus for device communication
  • Sound Port/Audio Port: Input/output of audio signals controlled by programs
  • VGA Port: 15-pin connector for video cards and monitors
  • DVI Port: Digital Visual Interface for video transmission
  • HDMI Port: High-Definition Multimedia Interface for digital data
  • Ethernet Port/LAN Port: Common in local area networks

Expansion Slots and Connectors

  • DIMM Slot/Memory Slot/RAM Slot: For inserting RAM modules
  • PCIe x16 Slot: For PCIe x16 video cards
  • PCI Slots: For attaching hardware devices
  • IDE Connector: For PATA/IDE connections
  • SATA Connector: For connecting storage devices
  • ATX Power Connector: Connects power supply to motherboard
  • Auxiliary Power Connector/4 Pin 12 Volt: Supplies power to CPU voltage regulator module

CPU and Motherboard Components

  • CPU Socket: Connects microprocessor to motherboard
  • CMOS Battery: Maintains values in CMOS and provides power to BIOS chip
  • BIOS Chip: First code run by PC on powering on
  • CPU Fan Power Connector: Connects CPU fan power

Storage and Power

  • Optical Drive: Reads pre-pressed compact discs
  • Random-Access Memory (RAM): Stores working data and machine code
  • Hard Drive (HDD): Permanent storage for a computer
  • Power Supply Unit (PSU): Converts AC to regulated DC power

Expansion Cards

  • Commonly Used Expansion Cards: Video card, LAN card, Sound card, etc.

Test your knowledge on different ports and connectors commonly found on computer systems, such as PS/2, USB, VGA, HDMI, and more.

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