Cohen & Swerdlik, 2009 Referral for Assessment Quiz

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29 Questions

What comes after the preparation of the assessor in the assessment process?

Selecting appropriate tools

In what type of psychological assessment is therapeutic self-discovery encouraged?

Therapeutic Psychological Assessment

Which term describes an interactive approach to psychological assessment that involves evaluation and intervention?

Dynamic Assessment

Where might therapy be included as part of the psychological assessment process?

Collaborative Psychological Assessment

Which type of assessment is used in correctional and corporate settings?

Neuropsychological Assessment

What is a measuring device or procedure in the assessment context referred to as?

Test

What is the purpose of a cut score in psychological testing?

To act as a reference point for dividing data into classifications

Which of the following is NOT a component of technical quality in psychological measurement?

Verbal Behavior

What does psychometrics primarily deal with in psychological measurement?

Psychological measurement

In an interview setting, what aspect goes beyond verbal communication and includes body language?

Facial expressions

What is the main method used to gather information through direct communication in interviews?

Reciprocal information exchange

What does psychometrics aim to ensure in psychological measurement procedures?

Reliability in data interpretation

What did Galton measure in his anthropometric laboratory in London in 1884?

Strength of pull and swiftness of blow

Which scientist urged schools to keep anthropometric records on their students?

Galton

Where did Wilhelm Wundt establish his experimental psychology laboratory?

Leipzig, Germany

Who is associated with the founding of the Psychological Corporation in 1921?

Cattell

Which psychologist worked with Alfred Binet on papers related to mental tests for higher mental processes?

Henri

What did Charles Spearman focus on related to mental tests?

Test reliability and factor analysis

Who published a 30-item measuring scale of intelligence in 1905?

Binet and Theodore Simon

Who developed the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale that later became the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)?

David Wechsler

Why did the US Military need to conduct group intelligence testing during World War I?

To screen World War I recruits efficiently

Who developed the Rorschach Inkblot Test in the late 1930s?

Hermann Rorschach

What did David Wechsler define as intelligence in his adult intelligence test?

The capacity to think rationally and act purposefully

Who advocated for personal data sheets and psychiatric interviews in clinical psychology?

Robert Woodworth

What is the purpose of a psychological test?

To measure psychological variables

What does the format of a psychological test refer to?

The structure and layout of test items

In what manner can a psychological test be administered?

Through oral, written, and performance tasks

What does the content of a psychological test refer to?

The subject matter or focus

What defines the differences between psychological tests according to the text?

Different theoretical orientations and operant definitions

Study Notes

Referral for Assessment

  • Referral sources: teacher, judge, clinician, parent, HR, GC, social worker
  • Referral question preparation includes preparation of the assessor and meeting with the assessee or others

Types of Assessment

  • Formal Assessment: testing, interview, case history
  • Collaborative Psychological Assessment: assessor and assessee work together as partners from initial contact to final feedback
  • Therapeutic Psychological Assessment: includes therapy as part of the process, focuses on therapeutic self-discovery and new understandings
  • Dynamic Assessment: an interactive approach to psychological assessment that usually follows a model of evaluation, intervention, and evaluation

Psychological Tests

  • Definition: a device or procedure designed to measure psychological variables
  • Modifiers: medical tests vs. psychological tests
  • Samples: blood, tissue, fluids, behavior, oral, written, performance
  • Differences:
    • Content: subject matter, focus, theoretical orientation
    • Format: form, plan, structure, arrangement, and layout of test items, time limit, administration
    • Administration procedures: individual, skills, tasks, knowledge
    • Scoring and interpretation procedures: technical quality, psychometric soundness

History of Psychological Testing

  • Galton (1884): Anthropometric Laboratory, measurement of physical characteristics
  • Wilhelm Wundt (19th century): experimental psychology laboratory, measurement of human abilities
  • Cattell (1890): "mental test", founding of the Psychological Corporation in 1921
  • Students of Wundt:
    • Charles Spearman: test reliability, factor analysis
    • Victor Henri: worked with Alfred Binet on measuring higher mental processes
    • Emil Kraepelin: association technique as formal test
  • Binet and Henri (1895): published articles on measuring abilities such as memory and social comprehension
  • Binet and Simon (1905): published a 30-item "measuring scale of intelligence" for identifying mentally retarded children
  • David Wechsler (1939): developed a test to measure adult intelligence, Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale

Intelligence Testing

  • Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test
  • World War I: intelligence testing and testing on adjustment
  • Committee on Emotional Fitness: Robert S. Woodworth, paper-and-pencil psychiatric interviews
  • Woodworth Psychoneurotic Inventory: self-report test of personality
  • Rorschach Inkblot Test: projective test
  • Henry A. Murray, Christiana D. Toni-3: group administration

Scoring and Interpretation

  • Scoring process: assigning evaluative codes or statements to performance on tests
  • Types of scores: based on summing up or use of elaborate procedures
  • Cut score: cut-off reference point derived by judgment to divide a set of data into two or more classifications

Technical Quality

  • Psychometric soundness: validity, reliability, utility
  • Interview: a method of gathering information through direct communication involving reciprocal exchange

Test your knowledge about the referral process for psychological assessment based on Cohen & Swerdlik, 2009. Explore topics such as preparing the assessor, selecting appropriate tools, formal assessment testing, and writing psychological reports.

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