Chinmaya Gita Fest 2024: Chapter 4 Word List

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16 Questions

What does 'sambhavāmi' mean?

I incarnate, I appear

What is the meaning of 'vimatsaraḥ'?

The one who is free from envy, or jealousy

What is the meaning of 'uttamam'?

The best, supreme

What does 'yuge' mean?

In every age, era, or time-period

What is 'rajarṣayaḥ'?

The saintly kings

What is 'yogaḥ'?

The practice by which the human spirit attains complete union with the Supreme Spirit

What is the meaning of the word 'avyayam' in Chapter 4?

Eternal, imperishable

In what context is the word 'boddhavyam' used in Chapter 4?

By the man who is completely absorbed in the state of seeing Brahman in all actions

What is the meaning of the word 'īśvaraḥ' in Chapter 4?

The Lord

What is the meaning of the word 'divyam' in Chapter 4?

Divine, transcendental

What is the meaning of the word 'jñānam' in Chapter 4?

Knowledge

In what context is the word 'dharma-saṁsthāpanārthāya' used in Chapter 4?

For the firm establishment of righteousness

What is the meaning of the word 'brahmakarmasamādhinā' in Chapter 4?

One who is completely absorbed in the state of seeing Brahman in all actions

What is the meaning of the word 'bhaktaḥ' in Chapter 4?

The devotee

In what context is the word 'jñāna-agniḥ' used in Chapter 4?

Fire of knowledge

What is the meaning of the word ' arpamāṇam' in Chapter 4?

Offering, instrument of offering

Study Notes

Guru-Śiṣya-Paramparā

  • The tradition of spiritual lineage and discipleship
  • Importance of approaching a spiritual master for protection and guidance

Key Concepts and Terms

  • Prāṇān - the vital airs: prāṇa, apāna, samāna, udāna, vyāna (4.30)
  • Praṇipātena - by prostration, by approaching a spiritual master (4.34)
  • Purātanaḥ - ancient (4.3)
  • Pūtāḥ - those who are purified (4.10)
  • Rahasyam - secret, mystery (4.3)

Characteristics of a Wise Person

  • Santuṣṭaḥ - one who is content, satisfied (4.22)
  • Vimatsaraḥ - the one who is free from envy, or jealousy (4.22)
  • Dvandvātītaḥ - one who is free from the pairs of opposites (4.22)
  • Jñānam - knowledge (4.23)
  • Jñānāgniḥ - fire of knowledge (4.37)

Importance of Knowledge and Self-Study

  • Svādhyāyaḥ - self-study of scriptures/veda-s (4.28)
  • Jñāna-asinā - by the sword of knowledge (4.42)
  • Jñāna-plavena - by the raft of knowledge, by the boat of knowledge (4.36)

The Path to Liberation

  • Muktasya - of the liberated person (4.23)
  • Mumukṣubhiḥ - by the seekers of liberation/freedom (4.15)
  • Nirāśīḥ - one who is without desire for the result (4.21)
  • Nityatṛptaḥ - one who is always content (4.20)

Test your knowledge of Sanskrit words from Chapter 4 of the Bhagavad Gita, presented at the Chinmaya Gita Fest 2024. Identify the English translations and contexts of each word.

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