Chinmaya Gita Fest 2024: Chapter 4 Word List
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Chinmaya Gita Fest 2024: Chapter 4 Word List

Test your knowledge of Sanskrit words from Chapter 4 of the Bhagavad Gita, presented at the Chinmaya Gita Fest 2024. Identify the English translations and contexts of each word.

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Questions and Answers

What does 'sambhavāmi' mean?

I incarnate, I appear

What is the meaning of 'vimatsaraḥ'?

The one who is free from envy, or jealousy

What is the meaning of 'uttamam'?

The best, supreme

What does 'yuge' mean?

<p>In every age, era, or time-period</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is 'rajarṣayaḥ'?

<p>The saintly kings</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is 'yogaḥ'?

<p>The practice by which the human spirit attains complete union with the Supreme Spirit</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the meaning of the word 'avyayam' in Chapter 4?

<p>Eternal, imperishable</p> Signup and view all the answers

In what context is the word 'boddhavyam' used in Chapter 4?

<p>By the man who is completely absorbed in the state of seeing Brahman in all actions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the meaning of the word 'īśvaraḥ' in Chapter 4?

<p>The Lord</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the meaning of the word 'divyam' in Chapter 4?

<p>Divine, transcendental</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the meaning of the word 'jñānam' in Chapter 4?

<p>Knowledge</p> Signup and view all the answers

In what context is the word 'dharma-saṁsthāpanārthāya' used in Chapter 4?

<p>For the firm establishment of righteousness</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the meaning of the word 'brahmakarmasamādhinā' in Chapter 4?

<p>One who is completely absorbed in the state of seeing Brahman in all actions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the meaning of the word 'bhaktaḥ' in Chapter 4?

<p>The devotee</p> Signup and view all the answers

In what context is the word 'jñāna-agniḥ' used in Chapter 4?

<p>Fire of knowledge</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the meaning of the word ' arpamāṇam' in Chapter 4?

<p>Offering, instrument of offering</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Guru-Śiṣya-Paramparā

  • The tradition of spiritual lineage and discipleship
  • Importance of approaching a spiritual master for protection and guidance

Key Concepts and Terms

  • Prāṇān - the vital airs: prāṇa, apāna, samāna, udāna, vyāna (4.30)
  • Praṇipātena - by prostration, by approaching a spiritual master (4.34)
  • Purātanaḥ - ancient (4.3)
  • Pūtāḥ - those who are purified (4.10)
  • Rahasyam - secret, mystery (4.3)

Characteristics of a Wise Person

  • Santuṣṭaḥ - one who is content, satisfied (4.22)
  • Vimatsaraḥ - the one who is free from envy, or jealousy (4.22)
  • Dvandvātītaḥ - one who is free from the pairs of opposites (4.22)
  • Jñānam - knowledge (4.23)
  • Jñānāgniḥ - fire of knowledge (4.37)

Importance of Knowledge and Self-Study

  • Svādhyāyaḥ - self-study of scriptures/veda-s (4.28)
  • Jñāna-asinā - by the sword of knowledge (4.42)
  • Jñāna-plavena - by the raft of knowledge, by the boat of knowledge (4.36)

The Path to Liberation

  • Muktasya - of the liberated person (4.23)
  • Mumukṣubhiḥ - by the seekers of liberation/freedom (4.15)
  • Nirāśīḥ - one who is without desire for the result (4.21)
  • Nityatṛptaḥ - one who is always content (4.20)

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