Central Nervous System Structure and Function Quiz

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10 Questions

What is the role of the spinal cord?

Connects brain to rest of the body and allows messages to be passed from the body to the brain

What is the function of neurotransmitters?

Chemicals that pass messages between neurons and each neurotransmitter has its own molecular structure that fits perfectly into a specific type of postsynaptic receptor

Describe the role of a neuron in synaptic transmission.

Neuron communicates with another neuron by passing electrical impulses and releasing neurotransmitters

What is the function of excitatory postsynaptic potential?

Temporary depolarisation of neuron, making it more likely to fire action potential

What is the structure of a neuron?

Cell body, dendrites, axon, and synaptic terminal

What are the functions of Acetylcholine?

Muscle contraction, memory, and cognitive functions

Which neurotransmitter is associated with mood control?


What is the role of Serotonin in the brain?

Mood control in the limbic system and related to functions such as pain, sleep, and hunger

What are the brain structures responsible for social interaction and emotional behavior?

Prefrontal cortex, hypothalamus, amygdala

How do hormones differ from neurotransmitters in terms of their effects?

Hormones take longer to work than neurotransmitters and lead to long-term changes.

Test your knowledge of the structure and function of the central nervous system, including the spinal cord, brain, neurons, and neurotransmitters. Explore the roles of these components in processing information, controlling behavior, and transmitting messages throughout the body.

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