Causes of World War II

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Which country did Nazi Germany conquer after invading Poland?


What was the pinnacle of the German 'Blitzkrieg' campaign?

Invasion of France

Which country stood against the full might of Germany after the invasion of France?


During which battle did the British Royal Air Force defeat the German air force?

Battle of Britain

What did the German air force, Luftwaffe, attack in an attempt to achieve total air superiority for invading Britain?

Southeast England

Study Notes

Causes of World War II

  • Aggressive and expansionist policies of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party were the primary causes of World War II
  • The harsh Treaty of Versailles laid the foundation for future conflicts
  • The Spanish Civil War and the Japanese invasion of China showcased the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations
  • The involvement of future Axis powers in these conflicts demonstrated their ability to carry out imperialistic actions without consequences

Beginning of World War II

  • World War II began on September 3, 1939
  • The war was triggered by Hitler's invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939
  • Poland's sovereignty was guaranteed by Britain and France
  • Britain and France declared war on Germany after their protests fell on Hitler's deaf ears
  • The war was fought between the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) and the Allies (Britain, France, the Commonwealth countries, the United States, and the Soviet Union)

Explore the historical events and policies that led to the outbreak of World War II, including the aggressive expansionist strategies of Adolf Hitler and the impact of the Treaty of Versailles. Learn about the failures of the League of Nations and the influence of events like the Spanish Civil War and Japanese invasion of China.

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