Causes of World War II

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Which country followed up its invasion of Poland with the conquest of Denmark, Norway, and Belgium?

Nazi Germany

Which country launched an invasion of Poland from the east during World War II?

Soviet Union

Which country stood against the full might of Germany during World War II?

Britain

Which air force attacked southeast England and London in daylight raids during World War II?

Luftwaffe

Which battle over the skies of Britain saw the numerically inferior British Royal Air Force defeating the German air force?

Battle of Britain

Study Notes

Causes of World War II

  • Aggressive and expansionist policies of Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Party contributed to the outbreak of World War II
  • The harsh Treaty of Versailles laid the foundation for future conflicts
  • Conflicts such as the Spanish Civil War and the Japanese invasion of China highlighted the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations
  • These conflicts involved future Axis powers and showed that they could carry out their imperialistic pursuits with no consequences

Beginning of World War II

  • World War II began on September 3, 1939
  • Germany, under Hitler, invaded Poland on September 1, 1939
  • Poland's sovereignty was guaranteed by Britain and France
  • Britain and France declared war on Germany when their protests fell on Hitler's deaf ears
  • The war was fought between the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) and the Allies (Britain, France, Commonwealth countries, the United States, and the Soviet Union)

Learn about the various causes of World War II, including the aggressive and expansionist policies of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, the impact of the Treaty of Versailles, the Spanish Civil War, the Japanese invasion of China, and the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations.

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