Career Counseling Theories Quiz

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40 Questions

Person-environment fit theories focus on assessing important characteristics of individuals and work environments and hypothesize that a match between person and environment would lead to positive outcomes

True

According to the text, developmental career theories are one of the three broad categories of career theories

True

The degree to which an individual’s capabilities meet the job’s requirements is a key driver of employee success, satisfaction, and persistence in a career, according to person-environment fit theories

True

Trait-and-factor or person-environment (P-E) fit theories are examples of developmental career theories

False

There are four main course learning outcomes mentioned in the text

False

According to the text, career management theories are one of the course learning outcomes

True

The text mentions three categories of career theories

True

The text refers to the Handbook of industrial, work and organizational psychology (2nd ed., Vol. 3) as one of the references

True

The text mentions Wiernik, B. M., & Wille, B. (2017) as one of the references

True

The text states that different person-environment fit career theories have focused on the same sets of constructs

False

The P-E fit framework is not widely used in vocational guidance and personnel selection

False

The dominant approach in career counseling is to identify potential careers that match individual characteristics

True

The Theory of Work Adjustment (TWA) is one of the newest career theories

False

TWA's process model describes how individuals and environments pursue the same adjustment strategies to correct any mismatch

False

TWA's hypotheses have little empirical support

False

Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) is not based on general social cognitive theory

False

SCCT consists of only two predictive models

False

SCCT has received little empirical research attention

False

Career models in management do not focus on individuals' observable patterns of movement between different jobs and roles

False

Contemporary careers are not characterized by high levels of mobility and individual initiative due to societal and economic changes

False

Boundaryless careers refer specifically to the boundaries within organizations.

False

DeFillippi and Arthur (1994) focused specifically on employment within organizations.

False

Arthur and Rousseau (1996) described six organizational boundaries that have been relaxed during the era of the boundaryless career.

True

One of the organizational boundaries relaxed during the era of the boundaryless career is movement between separate employers.

True

According to the text, the protean career is not an alternative to traditional careers.

False

The protean career is characterized by independence from any single employer for work success, resources, and advancement.

False

Arthur and Rousseau (1996) expanded the concept of boundaryless careers.

True

The protean career is not characterized by independence from any single employer for work success, resources, and advancement.

True

The boundaryless career concept was expanded to include movement between separate employers.

True

The text mentions Dr. ADIL KHAMIS AL-BALUSHI as the author of the research.

False

True or false: The boundaryless career is dependent on a single employer for work success, resources, and advancement

False

True or false: DeFillippi and Arthur (1994) originally focused on employment within a single organization for the boundaryless career concept

False

True or false: Arthur and Rousseau (1996) expanded the concept of the boundaryless career to include six organizational boundaries that have been relaxed

True

True or false: One of the relaxed organizational boundaries in the boundaryless career concept is favoring personal or family concerns over career opportunities

True

True or false: The concept of the boundaryless career was first introduced by Sullivan and Arthur in 2006

False

True or false: Movement between separate employers is one of the organizational boundaries that have been relaxed during the era of the boundaryless career

True

True or false: Gaining reputation and validation from internal sources is a characteristic of the boundaryless career

False

True or false: The protean career is one of the alternatives to traditional careers

True

True or false: The concept of the boundaryless career is focused on advancing only through the organizational hierarchy

False

True or false: Dr. Adil Khamis Al-Balushi's office is located at BS043

True

Study Notes

Career Counseling Theories

  • P-E fit framework is widely used in vocational guidance and personnel selection, linked to positive work outcomes.
  • Despite growing interest in other counseling frameworks, the dominant approach in career counseling remains identifying potential careers that match individual characteristics.
  • Theory of Work Adjustment (TWA) is one of the oldest career theories and includes predictive and process models.
  • TWA focuses on personal and environmental characteristics leading to successful work outcomes, including needs/values, skills/abilities, job requirements, and job reinforcers.
  • TWA's process model describes how individuals and environments pursue different adjustment strategies to correct any mismatch.
  • TWA's hypotheses have substantial empirical support, and its tenets have been incorporated into other P-E fit models in organizational research.
  • Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) is based on general social cognitive theory, focusing on the role of self-efficacy and outcome expectations in vocational behavior.
  • SCCT consists of four predictive models describing interest development, career choices, educational and vocational performance, and work and career satisfaction.
  • SCCT has received the most empirical research attention of any contemporary career theory and remains connected to advances from other fields of psychology.
  • Career models in management, organizational behavior, industrial-work-organizational psychology, and related fields focus on individuals' observable patterns of movement between different jobs and roles.
  • Career scholars argue that contemporary careers are characterized by high levels of mobility and individual initiative due to societal and economic changes.
  • "Traditional" careers were characterized by lifetime employment in a single organization, advancement up a linear organizational hierarchy, and determined development opportunities.

Test your knowledge of career counseling theories with this quiz. Explore the dominant approaches in career counseling, including the Theory of Work Adjustment (TWA) and the Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT). Learn about the P-E fit framework and the evolving perspectives on contemporary careers.

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