Carbohydrates and Biochemistry Basics Quiz

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20 Questions

Which element is present in carbohydrates along with carbon and hydrogen?

Oxygen

What is the general formula for carbohydrates?

(CH2O)n

What process do plants use to form carbohydrates?

Photosynthesis

How are monosaccharides classified based on the number of sugar units?

Single sugar -1

What is the meaning of 'polyhydroxy' in the context of carbohydrates?

Containing several alcohol groups

Which category of sugars cannot be broken down into other sugars?

Pentoses

What is the process of converting glucose sugar into animal starch (glycogen) called?

Glycogenosis

What are the clinical symptoms of hypoglycemia?

Anoxia, weakness, and tremors

Which of the following is a polysaccharide that is a polymer of monosaccharides?

Cellulose

What is the normal range level of glucose in the blood?

(70 - 100) mg/dL

What is the process of glycogen breakdown into glucose and intermediate products known as?

Glycogenolysis

Which of the following is an example of a tetrose?

Erythrose

Which of the following clinical conditions is associated with an increase in blood glucose level?

Diabetes mellitus

What is the primary hormone responsible for the entry of glucose into the cell?

Insulin

Which of the following is the correct definition of carbohydrates?

Carbohydrates are organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, such as sugars and starches.

Which of the following is a polysaccharide that is not produced by humans?

Cellulose

What is the significance of the process of photosynthesis in the context of carbohydrates?

Photosynthesis allows plants to produce carbohydrates using carbon dioxide and water with the help of enzymes and sunlight.

Based on the classification by the number of sugar units, which category does 'disaccharides' belong to?

Category -2: two sugar units

What is the primary characteristic of monosaccharides?

They are simple sugars consisting of a single sugar unit.

What is the defining characteristic that differentiates carbohydrates from other biomolecules?

Carbohydrates contain a carbonyl group (C=O) and multiple alcohol groups unlike other biomolecules.

Test your knowledge about carbohydrates and biochemistry with this quiz. Learn about the organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, including sugars, starches, and cellulose. Explore the study of biomolecules and living organisms.

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