Cancer Diagnosis: Patient History & Physical Examination Quiz

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24 Questions

What is NOT a part of patient history in cancer diagnosis?

Blood protein levels

Which acronym can be used to remember early clinical manifestations of cancer?

CAUTION

What is a late general clinical manifestation of cancer?

Fever of unknown origin

What does Complete Blood Count (CBC) measure in a blood sample?

Number of blood cells

Which diagnostic investigation can detect abnormal immune system proteins in certain cancers?

Blood protein testing

Which of the following is NOT a late general clinical manifestation of cancer?

Change in wart or mole

What is the purpose of a cystoscopy if an abnormal area is seen?

To determine if the abnormal area is cancerous

How are samples from a transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT) analyzed?

Sent to a lab for cancer screening

What does a PET scan detect in the body?

Tissue and organ functionality

How does a PET scan visualize areas of disease in the body?

As bright spots

What substances should a patient avoid before a PET scan?

Caffeine, Alcohol, Tobacco, tranquilizers, and sedatives

Why should a patient increase fluid intake after a PET scan?

To help excrete the radioisotope used during the scan

What is the purpose of measuring Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in the blood?

To help diagnose liver cancer.

Which tumor marker is primarily used to assess the stage, prognosis, and response to treatment of germ cell tumors?

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)

In which cancer type is Beta-2-microglobulin (B2M) primarily used to determine prognosis and follow response to treatment?

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

What is the main purpose of monitoring Cytokeratin fragments in the blood?

To help in monitoring lung cancer for recurrence.

Which tumor marker is specifically used to assess bone marrow status in Chronic myeloid leukemia?

BCR-ABL

What is the main purpose of monitoring Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in the blood?

To help in diagnosing prostate cancer and looking for recurrence.

What is the purpose of a DEXA scan?

To measure bone mineral density

Which imaging method uses x-rays and can distinguish small differences in tissue density for lung cancer workup?

CT scan

What is the main purpose of an endoscopy?

To find cancer and plan treatments

What is the purpose of a tissue biopsy in cancer diagnosis?

To definitively diagnose cancer

Which test is used to create sectional images of various body structures?

MRI

Why is a CT scan considered the standard noninvasive method in lung cancer workup?

To distinguish differences in tissue density

Test your knowledge on cancer diagnosis by understanding the importance of patient history and physical examination. Explore the key elements of patient history including family history, past history, and history of present illness. Learn about the general clinical manifestations of cancer in its early stages.

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