Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry Topic 14: Organic Chemistry Names of Compounds Quiz

FirstRateQuatrain avatar
FirstRateQuatrain
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

12 Questions

Which functional group is present in compounds ending in -ane?

C-C

What is the functional group in compounds ending in -ene?

C=C

Which functional group characterizes compounds ending in -ol?

OH

What is the functional group in compounds ending in -oic acid?

COOH

If a compound has a functional group C=C, what is its name likely to end with?

-ene

In a compound with the functional group OH, how is the name likely to end?

-ol

What is the correct prefix for a compound with 4 carbon atoms?

Buto

Which suffix is used for compounds with a functional group of -COOH?

-anoic acid

What is the molecular formula of ethanoic acid?

C2H4O2

Which compound is represented by the molecular formula C2H5OH?

Ethanol

What prefix is used for a compound with 3 carbon atoms?

Propo

Which suffix is used for compounds with a single bond between carbon atoms?

-ane

Study Notes

Functional Groups and Nomenclature

  • Compounds ending in -ane have an alkane functional group.
  • Compounds ending in -ene have an alkene functional group.
  • Compounds ending in -ol have a hydroxyl (OH) functional group.
  • Compounds ending in -oic acid have a carboxyl (-COOH) functional group.
  • Compounds with the functional group C=C are likely to have a name ending in -ene.
  • Compounds with the functional group OH are likely to have a name ending in -ol.
  • The prefix for a compound with 4 carbon atoms is but-.
  • The suffix for compounds with a functional group of -COOH is -oic acid.
  • The molecular formula of ethanoic acid is CH₃COOH.
  • The molecular formula C2H5OH represents ethanol.
  • The prefix for a compound with 3 carbon atoms is prop-.
  • The suffix for compounds with a single bond between carbon atoms is -ane.

Test your knowledge of organic chemistry compounds by naming and drawing the structures of methane, ethane, ethene, ethanol, ethanoic acid, and their reaction products as per topic 14.4-14.6. Remember the prefixes for compounds with different numbers of carbons (Metho, Etho, Propo, Buta).

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser