quiz image

British History 1920s-1930s: Politics and Society

SelfDeterminationCouplet avatar
SelfDeterminationCouplet
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

50 Questions

What was the significance of the Zinoviev letter in British politics?

It led to the downfall of the first Labour government

What was the purpose of the Jarrow Crusade?

To raise awareness about poverty and unemployment in the North East of England

What was the significance of the 1931 Statute of Westminster?

It established dominion status for certain British colonies

What was the 'Ten-Year Rule' implemented in Britain?

A plan to reduce military spending and focus on economic growth

What was the purpose of the 'destroyers for bases' deal?

To grant the United States military bases in return for destroyers

What was the significance of the combined Chiefs of Staff during World War II?

It coordinated military strategy between Britain and the United States

What was the impact of the V-1 and V-2 attacks on the British public?

It led to widespread panic and evacuation of cities

What was the significance of the 'Windrush' migration?

It was the first wave of immigration from the Caribbean to Britain

What was the significance of the Profumo scandal?

It was a scandal involving a British politician and a prostitute

What was the significance of Harold Wilson's 'white heat' promise?

It was a plan to modernize and revitalize the British economy

What was the main reason for the 1926 General Strike in Britain?

Support for the Miners' Federation

What was the main consequence of the 1931 National Government coming to power in Britain?

Formation of a coalition government

What was the primary goal of the British Union of Fascists led by Oswald Mosley?

To promote British nationalism and fascism

What was the significance of the Abdication Crisis of 1936?

King Edward VIII's decision to marry an American divorcee

What was the main outcome of the Munich Agreement signed in 1938?

Germany's annexation of Czechoslovakia

What was the purpose of the Lend-Lease Act signed in 1941?

To provide economic aid to Britain and its allies

What was the significance of the Battle of Britain fought in 1940?

The air battle between the German Luftwaffe and the British Royal Air Force

What was the outcome of the 1945 general election in Britain?

Labour Party's landslide victory under Clement Attlee

What was the significance of the 'Winds of Change' speech delivered by Harold Macmillan in 1960?

The decolonization of Africa and granting of independence to African nations

What was the cultural phenomenon popularized by the British youth in the 1960s?

The 'Mods' and 'Rockers' subcultures

What was the primary motivation behind Winston Churchill's decision to return to the gold standard in 1925?

To restore Britain's prestige and economic power after World War I

What was the main cause of the 1926 General Strike in Britain?

The miners' union demand for better working conditions and higher wages

What was the significance of the 'Bright Young Things' in 1920s Britain?

A group of wealthy aristocrats who flaunted their extravagant lifestyles

What was the primary intention of the 'Ten-Year Rule' implemented in Britain?

To reduce military spending and allocate resources to social welfare

What was the main consequence of the 1931 National Government coming to power in Britain?

The government implemented austerity measures to address the economic crisis

What was the significance of the 1931 Statute of Westminster?

It granted dominion status to Canada and other British colonies

What was the primary goal of the British Union of Fascists led by Oswald Mosley?

To establish a fascist government in Britain

What was the significance of the 'destroyers for bases' deal?

It was a deal in which the United States provided destroyers to Britain in exchange for military bases

What was the primary reason for Neville Chamberlain's fall from power in 1940?

He was criticized for his policy of appeasement towards Nazi Germany

What was the significance of the Instructions for American Servicemen in Britain, 1942?

It was a guide for American servicemen on how to interact with British civilians

What was the reason behind Winston Churchill's return to the gold standard in 1925?

To stabilize the British economy

What was the primary goal of the British Union of Fascists led by Oswald Mosley?

To establish a fascist government in Britain

What was the significance of the 1931 Statute of Westminster?

It granted complete independence to the dominions

What was the purpose of the Jarrow Crusade?

To protest the government's economic policies

What was the significance of the 'destroyers for bases' deal?

It was a trade agreement between Britain and the United States

What was the impact of the V-1 and V-2 attacks on the British public?

It caused widespread panic and destruction

What was the significance of the 1945 general election in Britain?

It led to a significant shift in British politics, with the Labour Party winning a majority

What was the purpose of the Lend-Lease Act signed in 1941?

To allow the United States to provide military aid to Britain

What was the significance of the 'Winds of Change' speech delivered by Harold Macmillan in 1960?

It led to the decolonization of Africa

What was the significance of the Abdication Crisis of 1936?

It was a crisis over the British monarch's decision to marry an American divorcee

What was the main reason behind Winston Churchill's decision to return to the gold standard in 1925?

To restore Britain's international credibility

What was the significance of the 1926 General Strike in Britain?

It was a response to the government's decision to reduce wages and increase working hours

What was the primary goal of the British Union of Fascists led by Oswald Mosley?

To establish a fascist dictatorship in Britain

What was the significance of the 1931 Statute of Westminster?

It granted complete independence to the dominions

What was the primary reason behind the Munich Agreement signed in 1938?

To avoid war with Nazi Germany

What was the significance of the Battle of Britain fought in 1940?

It was a crucial victory for the British Royal Air Force

What was the significance of the 'destroyers for bases' deal?

It was a trade agreement between the US and Britain to exchange military equipment for naval bases

What was the primary goal of the Lend-Lease Act signed in 1941?

To provide economic aid to Britain and other Allied nations

What was the significance of the 1945 general election in Britain?

It resulted in a landslide victory for the Labour Party

What was the significance of the 'Windrush' migration?

It marked the beginning of large-scale immigration to Britain from the Caribbean

Study Notes

Interwar Period

  • The first Labour government was brought down by the Zinoviev letter
  • Winston Churchill's "worst mistake" was the return to the gold standard
  • Three areas of competition/rivalry between Britain and America in the 1920s and 1930s were:
    • Economy: industrial production and trade
    • Politics: international relations and diplomacy
    • Culture: lifestyle, music, and entertainment
  • The "Bright Young Things" were a group of young, fashionable, and rebellious individuals in 1920s Britain
  • The 1926 General Strike was a response to wage cuts and longer working hours for miners
  • The difference between "dominion government" and complete independence is that dominion governments were still under British control, but had more autonomy

World War II

  • The 1931 Statute of Westminster granted dominion governments full independence
  • The "Ten-Year Rule" was a policy of reducing military spending and preparing for a potential war in ten years
  • BBC and "public service broadcasting" refers to the BBC's role in providing informative and educational content to the public
  • The 1931 National Government was a coalition government formed in response to the economic crisis
  • Oswald Mosley and the British Union of Fascists were a fascist party that rose to prominence in the 1930s
  • The Jarrow Crusade was a protest march against unemployment and poverty in 1936
  • The Abdication Crisis occurred when King Edward VIII abdicated the throne to marry an American divorcee
  • Appeasement was a policy of giving in to Nazi Germany's demands in the hopes of avoiding war
  • The Munich agreement was a failed attempt to appease Hitler and avoid war
  • The newsreels presented the rise of Nazi Germany as a threat to European stability
  • Neville Chamberlain's fall as prime minister was due to his failed appeasement policy
  • The Dunkirk evacuation was a successful rescue operation of Allied soldiers from France
  • The Royal Navy's attack on the French fleet at Mers el-Kebir was a British attempt to prevent the French fleet from falling into German hands
  • The Nazi Luftwaffe had to win the Battle of Britain to gain air superiority
  • Examples of non-British pilots who fought for the Royal Air Force in the Battle of Britain include Poles, Canadians, and Australians
  • The "destroyers for bases" deal was an agreement between the US and UK to exchange military bases for destroyers
  • Lend-Lease was a program that allowed the US to supply military aid to the UK without immediate payment
  • Reverse Lend-Lease referred to the UK's supplying of military aid to the US
  • The war in the "Western Desert" was crucial to the Allied victory in North Africa
  • Britain's role in the defeat of Japan was significant, particularly in the war in Burma
  • Churchill's December 1941 visit to Washington, DC marked the beginning of the "Europe, first" strategy
  • The Combined Chiefs of Staff represented the Anglo-American alliance
  • Ernest Bevin's impact as Minister of Labour in World War II was significant in mobilizing the workforce
  • British women were conscripted into the workforce and military during World War II
  • Bletchley Park was a significant intelligence gathering and codebreaking center
  • The Beveridge Report formed the basis of Britain's welfare state
  • American servicemen in Britain during World War II were often viewed as being "over fed, over paid, over sexed, and over here"
  • War brides refers to the phenomenon of British women marrying American soldiers during World War II
  • Britain played a significant role in the creation of the atomic bomb
  • The V-1 and V-2 attacks on the British public late in the war caused significant damage and casualties
  • Labour's unexpected victory in the 1945 general election was significant in shaping post-war Britain
  • Nye Bevan was instrumental in creating the National Health Service
  • "Keep the Russians out, the Americans in, and the Germans down" reflects the British view of NATO

Post-War Period

  • Elizabeth II's coronation in 1953 was a significant event in post-war Britain
  • The 1956 Suez crisis marked a turning point in British foreign policy
  • Dwight Eisenhower forced Anthony Eden to withdraw British forces from Suez
  • Harold Macmillan was determined to get the Polaris nuclear system
  • Britain's application to join the European Economic Community was vetoed by France
  • The "Cambridge Five" were a group of spies who spied for the Soviet Union
  • Ian Fleming's fictional spy James Bond had a significant impact on popular culture
  • The Profumo scandal was a significant political scandal in the 1960s
  • The contraceptive pill had a significant impact on British society
  • Teddy boys, "Mods", and "Rockers" were youth subcultures in 1960s Britain
  • The "Swinging London" scene was a cultural phenomenon in the 1960s
  • Mary Quant was a significant figure in the world of fashion
  • "Pirate radio" was a phenomenon of unofficial radio stations in the 1960s
  • England's victory in the 1966 World Cup still resonates today
  • Harold Wilson's "white heat" promise to revive the British economy in the 1960s was significant

Test your knowledge of British history between the 1920s and 1930s, covering topics such as politics, government, and society. From the Zinoviev letter to the Statute of Westminster, this quiz has it all!

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

British vs
7 questions

British vs

ProficientAmber avatar
ProficientAmber
British History: 1920s-1930s Politics and Society
82 questions
British History 1920s-1930s
87 questions

British History 1920s-1930s

SelfDeterminationCouplet avatar
SelfDeterminationCouplet
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser