Bovine Tuberculosis (Bovine TB) Overview

StellarDetroit avatar
StellarDetroit
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

32 Questions

How is bovine TB primarily transmitted to humans?

Consumption of raw (unpasteurized) milk or raw milk products

Which animals can be affected by bovine TB?

Cattle, deer, rhinoceros, and non-human primates

What bacterium causes bovine TB?

Mycobacterium bovis

How many cases of human disease is bovine TB responsible for in California each year?

Approximately 75

What are the initial symptoms of bovine TB in humans?

Productive cough, fever, night sweats, chest pain, and loss of appetite

In addition to cattle and deer, which other animals can be affected by bovine TB?

Rhinoceros and non-human primates

What is the first step to determine if you’ve been exposed to bovine TB?

Have a TB skin test (TST) or an Interferon-Gamma Release Assay (IGRA)

What does a positive TST or IGRA indicate?

Recent infection with TB bacteria

Who should be considered for screening for bovine TB infection?

Individuals who have had close contact with animals from an infected cattle herd

What can the TB skin test (TST) not differentiate between?

Human and bovine TB

What does a positive TST or IGRA indicate about the patient's infection?

It is from a long time ago

How is bovine TB infection diagnosed?

With a TB skin test (TST) or an Interferon-Gamma Release Assay (IGRA)

In addition to a TST or IGRA, what other tests might patients with a positive test undergo?

Chest X-ray and examination of sputum, urine, or stool

Is bovine TB curable in humans?

Yes, it is curable with antibiotics

What is the treatment duration for bovine TB infection and disease?

6 to 12 months

What might lead to the development of bovine TB disease in some infected people?

All of the above

Which of the following animals is NOT mentioned as being susceptible to bovine TB in the given text?

Leopard

In addition to raw milk consumption, how else can transmission of bovine TB from infected cattle to humans occur?

Exposure to infected cattle's saliva

What are the initial symptoms of bovine TB in humans, as stated in the text?

Productive cough and fever

Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a method for diagnosing bovine TB infection in humans?

Blood Culture Test

What is the annual number of human disease cases attributed to bovine TB in California, according to the given text?

Approximately 75 cases

Which bacterium is mentioned as the cause of bovine TB in the given text?

Mycobacterium bovis

What is the primary method for diagnosing bovine TB infection?

TB skin test (TST)

How long is the typical treatment duration for bovine TB infection and disease?

6-12 months

What tests might patients with a positive TB skin test (TST) or Interferon-Gamma Release Assay (IGRA) undergo?

Chest X-ray and examination of sputum, urine, or stool

Who should be considered for screening for bovine TB infection?

Ranch staff, veterinarians, and other workers in contact with infected cattle herd

What is the first step in determining exposure to bovine TB?

TB skin test (TST)

What does a positive TB skin test (TST) or Interferon-Gamma Release Assay (IGRA) indicate about the patient's infection?

Previous exposure to TB bacteria

Is bovine TB treatable in humans?

Yes, with specific antibiotics

What bacterium causes bovine TB?

Mycobacterium bovis

What are the potential additional symptoms of bovine TB disease?

Coughing up blood and night sweats

Who are most at risk for developing bovine TB disease?

Very young or very old and those with a weakened immune system

Learn about bovine tuberculosis (TB) and how it affects animals such as cattle, deer, and exotic species. Understand the bacterium Mycobacterium bovis and its similarity to the bacterium that causes human tuberculosis.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser