Body Mechanics and Immobility Quiz

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28 Questions

What is the primary purpose of utilizing good body mechanics for nurses?

To reduce the risk of injury for self, patients, and co-workers, and to decrease work effort and lessen strain on the musculoskeletal system.

What contributes to the high incidence of work-related injuries among nurses?

Lifting and transferring patients

What is a key responsibility of nurses in relation to patients' families?

Teaching families how to transfer or position patients properly

What is the primary purpose of the Braden Scale in the context of nursing?

Predicting risk and reducing progression of pressure injury

What are the three body systems for movement regulation?

Muscular, Skeletal, Nervous

What are the risk factors for pressure sore development?

Sensory perception, Mobility, Moisture, Nutrition, Friction, Shear, Age

What is the Braden Scale used for?

Predicting pressure sore development

What are the stages of pressure ulcers?

1-4

What is the primary effect of pressure on blood flow in pressure injury formation?

Slows blood flow

What are the factors contributing to pressure sores?

Intrinsic and extrinsic factors

What is the primary purpose of wide base of support and low center of gravity in body mechanics?

Greater stability

What is the impact of immobility on the cardiovascular system?

Negative impact on cardiovascular health

What is the recommended action for nurses to prevent pressure sores/injuries?

Decrease the effects of immobility on clients

What is the primary purpose of the Braden Scale?

Predicting pressure sore development

What is the primary consequence of pressure injury formation due to friction and shear?

Exacerbation of the issue

What is the significance of applying body mechanics, ergonomics, and safe patient handling in nursing?

Reducing the risk of injury for both patients and caregivers

What is the purpose of using positioning devices for a patient with wrist drop contracture?

To promote comfort and prevent foot drop

In which position should the patient be placed for peri-care (perineal care)?

Dorsal recumbent

What is the goal of restorative care for an immobile patient?

Maximize functional mobility and independence

What does Range of Motion (ROM) help to determine?

The degree of damage or injury to a joint

What is the correct technique for performing Passive Range of Motion (ROM)?

Start slowly with smooth, easy movements and provide support for joints distal to joint being manipulated

What does the term 'flexion' refer to in Range of Motion (ROM) terminology?

Decreasing angle of the joint

Which position involves the patient lying face or chest down with head to the side?

Prone position

What is the purpose of using elastic stockings for a patient with multiple contractures?

To maintain or improve mobility

What is the purpose of using trapeze bars for a patient with immobility?

To assist the patient in moving in bed

What is the correct technique for performing Active Range of Motion (ROM)?

Client is able to move their joints unassisted

What does the term 'abduction' refer to in Range of Motion (ROM) terminology?

Movement of the bone away from the midline of the body

What is the purpose of using foot boards for a patient with immobility?

To prevent foot drop

Study Notes

Principles of Body Mechanics

  • Wide base of support and low center of gravity for greater stability
  • Guidelines for lifting: plan, ask for help, widen base, bend at knees, tighten abs, lift with leg muscles
  • Three body systems for movement regulation: Muscular, Skeletal, Nervous
  • Effects of immobility: metabolic, cardiovascular, urinary, respiratory, musculoskeletal, integumentary, psychosocial
  • Factors contributing to pressure sores: intrinsic and extrinsic factors
  • Risk factors for pressure sore development: sensory perception, mobility, moisture, nutrition, friction, shear, age
  • Pressure injury formation: pressure slows blood flow, friction, shear, and maceration exacerbate the issue
  • Braden Scale for predicting pressure sore development: six risk subscales, lower score indicates higher risk
  • Stages of pressure ulcers: 1-4, common sites, pathogenesis of pressure injury
  • Resources for moving and positioning clients, proper body alignment, and contractures
  • Importance of applying body mechanics, ergonomics, safe patient handling, and immobility reduction in nursing
  • Guidelines for nurses to decrease the effects of immobility on clients and prevent pressure sores/injuries

Test your knowledge of body mechanics principles, including proper lifting techniques, effects of immobility, pressure sore risk factors, and preventive measures for reducing immobility-related issues in nursing. This quiz covers topics such as body systems involved in movement regulation, pressure sore formation, and resources for client positioning and alignment.

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