Blood Clotting Process: Coagulation Cascade
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Blood Clotting Process: Coagulation Cascade

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Questions and Answers

What is the primary function of the coagulation cascade?

To ultimately form a blood clot

Which pathway is triggered by damage to blood vessels?

Intrinsic pathway

What is released by activated platelets to attract more platelets?

Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and thromboxane A2

What is the process by which the blood clot is tightened and stabilized?

<p>Clot retraction</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of thrombi can lead to myocardial infarction or stroke?

<p>Arterial thrombi</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is converted to fibrin by thrombin?

<p>Fibrinogen</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the result of fibrin polymerization?

<p>Formation of a fibrin meshwork</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the end result of the clotting process?

<p>Clot stabilization</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Blood Clotting Process

Coagulation Cascade

  • Series of chemical reactions that ultimately lead to the formation of a blood clot
  • Divided into two pathways:
    • Intrinsic pathway: triggered by damage to blood vessels, involves contact activation of factor XII
    • Extrinsic pathway: triggered by tissue damage, involves release of tissue factor
  • Both pathways converge to form a common pathway, leading to the formation of thrombin
  • Thrombin converts fibrinogen to fibrin, which forms the clot

Platelet Activation

  • Platelet activation: platelets become activated in response to vascular injury
  • Platelet aggregation: activated platelets aggregate to form a platelet plug
  • Release of granules: activated platelets release granules containing:
    • Adenosine diphosphate (ADP)
    • Thromboxane A2
    • Serotonin
  • These granules attract more platelets, amplifying the clotting response

Clot Retraction

  • Clot retraction: the process by which the blood clot is tightened and stabilized
  • Clot contraction: platelets contract, pulling the fibrin meshwork together
  • Clot stabilization: the clot becomes more stable, allowing for wound healing to occur

Thrombus Formation

  • Thrombus: a blood clot that forms within a blood vessel
  • Arterial thrombi: form in arteries, can lead to myocardial infarction or stroke
  • Venous thrombi: form in veins, can lead to pulmonary embolism

Fibrin Formation

  • Fibrinogen: a glycoprotein produced by the liver
  • Thrombin: converts fibrinogen to fibrin
  • Fibrin polymerization: fibrin molecules polymerize to form a meshwork, trapping platelets and blood cells
  • Clot formation: the fibrin meshwork forms the basis of the blood clot

Blood Clotting Process

Coagulation Cascade

  • A series of chemical reactions that lead to blood clot formation
  • Divided into two pathways: intrinsic (triggered by blood vessel damage) and extrinsic (triggered by tissue damage)
  • Both pathways converge to form a common pathway, leading to thrombin formation
  • Thrombin converts fibrinogen to fibrin, forming the clot

Platelet Activation

  • Platelets become activated in response to vascular injury
  • Activated platelets aggregate to form a platelet plug
  • Release granules containing ADP, thromboxane A2, and serotonin, attracting more platelets and amplifying the clotting response

Clot Retraction

  • The process of clot tightening and stabilization
  • Platelets contract, pulling the fibrin meshwork together
  • The clot becomes more stable, allowing for wound healing

Thrombus Formation

  • A blood clot that forms within a blood vessel
  • Arterial thrombi form in arteries, potentially leading to myocardial infarction or stroke
  • Venous thrombi form in veins, potentially leading to pulmonary embolism

Fibrin Formation

  • Fibrinogen, a glycoprotein produced by the liver, is converted to fibrin by thrombin
  • Fibrin molecules polymerize to form a meshwork, trapping platelets and blood cells
  • The fibrin meshwork forms the basis of the blood clot

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Description

Learn about the blood clotting process, including the intrinsic and extrinsic pathways, and how they converge to form a common pathway leading to thrombin formation and fibrin production.

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