Biology: Classification of Organisms and Criteria of Life
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Biology: Classification of Organisms and Criteria of Life

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Questions and Answers

What is the term used to describe the living components of an ecosystem?

Biotic factors

Which type of consumer obtains energy by consuming other animals?

Carnivores

What is the term used to describe the non-living components of an ecosystem, such as water, soil, and atmosphere?

Abiotic factors

Which type of organism produces its own food through photosynthesis?

<p>Producers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term used to describe the living things within the entire planet Earth?

<p>Biosphere</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term used to describe the plates or land that make up the Earth's surface?

<p>Lithosphere</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of symbiotic relationship is described where one species benefits and the other is neither harmed nor helped?

<p>Commensalism</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of consumer is described as 'plucking plant parts without usually killing the plant'?

<p>Grazer</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of symbiotic relationship is described where both species benefit from the interaction?

<p>Mutualism</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term is used to describe an interaction where one species kills and consumes another species?

<p>Predation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of organism is described as 'requiring and eating only one animal in its life span by living parasitically as a larva on a host'?

<p>Parasitoid</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which term is used to describe an interaction where two species require the same limited resource such as food, water, shelter, or sunlight?

<p>Competition</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a criterion for life?

<p>Require energy from the sun</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the correct order of classification from broadest to most specific?

<p>Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a heterotrophic species that consumes animals?

<p>Carnivore</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the two-name system for naming organisms called?

<p>Binomial nomenclature</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic used in the classification of organisms?

<p>Require sunlight for photosynthesis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term used for a group of individuals with the same gene pool and capable of interbreeding?

<p>Species</p> Signup and view all the answers

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