Biology Branches and Cell Structure
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Biology Branches and Cell Structure

Explore the different branches of biology, including botany, zoology, and microbiology, and learn about the structure of cells. This quiz covers the basics of biology and cell biology.

Created by
@EducatedFaith

Questions and Answers

What is the study of the interactions between organisms and their environment?

Ecology

What is the process by which species change over time through natural selection?

Theory of Evolution

What is the outermost layer of the cell?

Plasma membrane

What is the study of the classification of organisms into groups based on shared characteristics?

<p>Taxonomy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the process of cell division?

<p>Mitosis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the sequence of organisms that eat other organisms?

<p>Food Chain</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Branches of Biology

  • Botany: study of plants
  • Zoology: study of animals
  • Microbiology: study of microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, etc.)
  • Ecology: study of interactions between organisms and their environment
  • Genetics: study of heredity and genes
  • Biochemistry: study of chemical processes in living organisms
  • Molecular Biology: study of biological processes at the molecular level

Cell Biology

  • Cell Structure:
    • Plasma membrane: outermost layer of the cell
    • Cytoplasm: jelly-like substance inside the cell
    • Nucleus: controls cell growth and reproduction
    • Mitochondria: generates energy for the cell
  • Cellular Processes:
    • Photosynthesis: conversion of light energy into chemical energy
    • Cellular Respiration: generation of energy from glucose
    • Mitosis: process of cell division

Evolution and Diversity

  • Theory of Evolution: process by which species change over time through natural selection
  • Species: group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring
  • Taxonomy: classification of organisms into groups based on shared characteristics
  • Phylogeny: study of evolutionary relationships between organisms

Ecosystems and Ecology

  • Ecosystem: community of organisms and their environment
  • Energy Flow: transfer of energy from one organism to another
  • Food Chain: sequence of organisms that eat other organisms
  • Food Web: complex network of food chains
  • Ecological Niche: specific role of an organism in an ecosystem

Branches of Biology

  • Botany is the study of plants
  • Zoology is the study of animals
  • Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, including bacteria and viruses
  • Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and their environment
  • Genetics is the study of heredity and genes
  • Biochemistry is the study of chemical processes in living organisms
  • Molecular Biology is the study of biological processes at the molecular level

Cell Biology

  • Plasma membrane is the outermost layer of the cell
  • Cytoplasm is a jelly-like substance inside the cell
  • Nucleus controls cell growth and reproduction
  • Mitochondria generates energy for the cell
  • Photosynthesis is the process of converting light energy into chemical energy
  • Cellular Respiration is the process of generating energy from glucose
  • Mitosis is the process of cell division

Evolution and Diversity

  • The Theory of Evolution is the process by which species change over time through natural selection
  • A species is a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring
  • Taxonomy is the classification of organisms into groups based on shared characteristics
  • Phylogeny is the study of evolutionary relationships between organisms

Ecosystems and Ecology

  • An ecosystem is a community of organisms and their environment
  • Energy Flow is the transfer of energy from one organism to another
  • A Food Chain is a sequence of organisms that eat other organisms
  • A Food Web is a complex network of food chains
  • An ecological niche is the specific role of an organism in an ecosystem

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