Biology and Anatomy Quiz

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6 Questions

What is the primary function of the superior vena cava?

Carry deoxygenated blood from the upper body to the right atrium

What is the term for the passage of blood from the heart to the rest of the body and back?

Systemic circulation

What is the name of the valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle?

Tricuspid valve

What is the term for the maximum amount of air that can be exhaled after a maximum inhalation?

Vital capacity

What is the name of the infection that primarily affects the lungs but can spread to other organs?

Tuberculosis

What is the term for a structure in an organism that has lost all or most of its original function through evolution?

Vestigial structure

Study Notes

Circulatory System

  • Superior vena cava: largest vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the upper body to the right atrium
  • Systemic circulation: passage of blood from the heart to the rest of the body and back
  • Vein: blood vessel that carries deoxygenated blood toward the heart

Respiratory System

  • Trachea: main airway leading to the lungs
  • Terminal bronchioles: smallest branches of the bronchi, leading to the alveoli
  • Tidal volume: amount of air inhaled or exhaled during normal breathing
  • Vital capacity: maximum amount of air that can be exhaled after a maximum inhalation
  • Visceral pleura: inner layer of the pleura that covers the lungs

Human Anatomy

  • Tricuspid valve: valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle
  • Vocal cords: folds of tissue in the larynx that produce sound when they vibrate

Evolution and Biology

  • The Theory of Evolution: scientific theory that species evolve over time through natural selection
  • The Origin of Species: book by Charles Darwin that introduced the theory of evolution by natural selection
  • Vestigial structure: structure in an organism that has lost all or most of its original function through evolution

Diseases

  • Tuberculosis: bacterial infection that primarily affects the lungs but can spread to other organs

Test your knowledge of biology and anatomy with this quiz, covering topics such as the circulatory system, respiratory system, and evolutionary theory.

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