Biochemistry: Carbohydrates Classification Quiz

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36 Questions

Which type of carbohydrate contains more than ten molecules of monosaccharide units?

Polysaccharides

What is the general function of cellulose, a type of carbohydrate?

Relieves constipation

Which type of carbohydrate cannot be hydrolyzed further into simpler forms?

Monosaccharides

Which type of carbohydrate contains two molecules of the same or different monosaccharide units?

Disaccharides

What is the main function of carbohydrates as part of nucleic acids?

Component of DNA and RNA

In terms of carbon atoms they possess, which classification can monosaccharides have?

Trioses, Tetroses, Pentoses

Which of the following is a correct characterization for the monosaccharide glucose?

Aldohexose

Carbohydrates play which of the following roles?

All of the above

D-galactose and D-glucose are:

Epimers of each other

Which of the following is true about aldoses and ketoses?

Aldoses and ketoses have the same molecular formula

Which type of isomerism is based on the arrangement of H and OH on the penultimate carbon atom?

D and L isomerism

What is the role of ribose in biochemistry?

Constituent of nucleic acid

Which carbohydrate classification contains more than ten molecules of monosaccharide units?

Polysaccharides

What is the correct characterization for the monosaccharide glucose?

It is an aldose

What is the role of ribose in biochemistry?

Part of nucleic acids

In terms of carbon atoms they possess, which classification can monosaccharides have?

Tetroses, pentoses, hexoses

Which type of carbohydrate cannot be hydrolyzed further into simpler forms?

Monosaccharides

What is the main function of carbohydrates as part of nucleic acids?

Part of nucleic acids

D-galactose and D-glucose are:

Epimers

Which type of isomerism is based on the arrangement of H and OH on the penultimate carbon atom?

-Epimerism

Which type of carbohydrate contains two molecules of the same or different monosaccharide units?

-Disaccharides

What is the general function of cellulose, a type of carbohydrate?

Fiber

What type of sugar cannot be hydrolyzed further into simpler forms?

Glucose

What is the main source of energy for living cells?

Monosaccharides

Which structural feature distinguishes an aldose from a ketose?

Presence of a carbonyl group

In terms of carbon atoms, how do D-glucose and D-galactose differ in structure?

At C-2 and C-4

What is the role of pentoses in the human body?

Integral constituents of nucleic acids

Which type of isomerism is based on the orientation of H and OH around the anomeric carbon?

Anomerism

Which pair of monosaccharides are isomers of each other, differing in their functional groups?

Glucose and fructose

What distinguishes D and L isomers in monosaccharides?

Arrangement of H and OH on the penultimate carbon atom

What are epimers in the context of monosaccharides?

Isomers with variations in the configuration of –H and –OH around a single carbon atom

Which classification can monosaccharides have based on the number of carbon atoms they possess?

Aldopentose, aldohexose, ketopentose, ketohexose

What characterizes D-glucose among monosaccharides?

Aldohexose

What is the primary function of carbohydrates as part of nucleic acids?

Structural components

What distinguishes D-galactose and D-glucose from each other?

Their configuration around C2 and C4 carbon atoms

What role do carbohydrates play in the human body?

All of the above

Test your knowledge of carbohydrates classification with this quiz. Explore the different types of carbohydrates and their structural characteristics.

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