Biochemistry 1 Lecture n0.1: Introduction
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Biochemistry 1 Lecture n0.1: Introduction

Test your knowledge on the introduction to biochemistry, including the study of chemical processes in living organisms, structures, functions, and interactions of biological macromolecules.

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@SuperiorRuby

Questions and Answers

What is the general formula of carbohydrates?

Cn(H2O)n

Which functional groups do carbohydrates commonly have?

C=O and -OH

Which molecule is the most common example of a carbohydrate?

Glucose

In addition to providing dietary calories, what other function do carbohydrates serve in the body?

<p>Acting as a storage form of energy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of carbohydrates in determining different blood groups?

<p>Determining the different blood groups</p> Signup and view all the answers

Apart from RNA and DNA structure, what else are the ribose sugars synthesized by carbohydrates used for?

<p>Synthesis of coenzymes</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which macromolecule is responsible for shock absorption and thermal insulation?

<p>Lipids</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main biological function of triglycerides?

<p>Energy storage in adipocytes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of immunoglobulins?

<p>Adaptive immunity</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main structural component of cartilage?

<p>Chondroitin</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which macromolecule contains basic units called 'amino acids'?

<p>Proteins</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of proteins act as chemical messengers transmitting signals from one cell to another?

<p>Hormonal proteins</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which macromolecule provides 9 kcal of energy per gram?

<p>Lipids</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of proteins accelerate metabolic processes in cells?

<p>Enzymatic proteins</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are glycoproteins embedded in cell membranes made of?

<p>Proteins with sugars attached</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Eicosanoids' and 'prostaglandins' are formed from which macromolecule?

<p>Lipids</p> Signup and view all the answers

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