Biochemistry 1 Lecture 1: Introduction

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16 Questions

What is the general formula for carbohydrates?

Cn(H2O)n

Which compound is a common example of a carbohydrate?

Glucose

What is one of the biological functions of carbohydrates?

Serving as cell membrane components that mediate some forms of intercellular communication

What is the function of carbohydrates in the synthesis of DNA and RNA?

Synthesis of oxy and deoxy ribose sugars used in building of RNA and DNA structure, respectively

Which functional groups do carbohydrates contain?

-OH and C=O

What is the most appropriate definition of carbohydrates?

Compounds that contain C, H, O with a general formula of Cn(H2O)n

What is the main biological function of triglycerides?

Energy storage in adipocytes

Which of the following is a structural component of cartilage?

Chondroitin

What is the main function of insulin in the body?

Regulating blood sugar levels

What is the primary role of eicosanoids and prostaglandins?

Acting as chemical messengers among cells

Which organic compound is not contained in proteins?

Calcium

What is the primary function of hormonal proteins in the body?

Acting as chemical messengers between cells

Which compound is responsible for providing 9 kcal of energy per gram?

Triglycerides

Which lipid is a structural component of cell membranes?

Sphingolipids

What are the primary components of proteins?

Amino acids

What is an example of a mixed or conjugated protein?

Glycoproteins embedded in cell membranes

Explore the fundamental concepts of biochemistry with this lecture covering the study of chemical processes in living organisms and the structures, functions, and interactions of biological macromolecules.

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