Bangladesh Liberation War History

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8 Questions

Where was Sheikh Mujibur Rahman born?

Faridpur

At what age did Sheikh Mujib begin his schooling?

7

In which year did Sheikh Mujibur Rahman complete his Matriculation examination?

1947

Which college did Sheikh Mujib attend for his graduation studies?

Islamia College, Kolkata

What movement did Sheikh Mujib lead against the decision to accept Urdu as the state language of East Pakistan?

Bengali Language Movement

What did Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's parents affectionately call him?

'Khoka'

Which college did Sheikh Mujibur Rahman establish?

Gopalganj Missionary School

What date was a spontaneous protest led by Sheikh Mujib in opposition to Urdu as the state language?

February 23, 1950

Study Notes

Early Life and Education

  • Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was born on March 17, 1920, in the village of Tungipara, Gopalganj Subdivision (now District), Faridpur District.
  • He was the third child of Sheikh Lutfar Rahman and Sheikh Sayera Khatun, who had four daughters and two sons.
  • His parents fondly called him "Khoka".

School Life and Activism

  • At seven, Sheikh Mujib started his schooling at Gimadanga Primary School in 1927.
  • He was admitted to Gopalgonj Public School at nine and later to Gopalgonj Missionary School.
  • In 1947, he completed his graduation from Islamia College (currently Maulana Azad College), Kolkata.
  • He founded the East Pakistan Muslim Students' League in 1948.
  • He protested against the declaration of Urdu as the state language of East Pakistan, leading to his arrest.

Liberation War and Independence

  • On March 25, 1971, the Pakistan army launched its campaign of genocide against Bengalis.
  • Sheikh Mujibur Rahman proclaimed the Independence of Bangladesh in the early hours of March 26.
  • He was arrested and taken to a Pakistani prison after the proclamation.
  • Bangladesh was liberated with the surrender of the Pakistan occupation army on December 16, 1971.

Post-Liberation

  • Sheikh Mujibur Rahman returned to Dhaka on January 10, 1972, and was welcomed by millions of citizens.
  • He was awarded the "Julio Curie" Peace Prize on May 23, 1972, for his contribution to world peace.
  • Bangladesh became the 136th member of the United Nations on September 17, 1972.
  • Sheikh Mujibur Rahman addressed the United Nations General Assembly in Bangla on September 25, 1972.

Six Point Movement and Struggle

  • On February 5, 1966, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman presented his historic six-point programme, known as the charter of freedom of the Bengali nation.
  • He travelled extensively to gain support for his programme, leading to his arrest eight times.
  • He was imprisoned for nearly three years during this time.

1970 General Election and 7 March Speech

  • Awami League achieved absolute majority in the general elections on December 7, 1970.
  • On March 7, 1971, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman called for preparations for the war of liberation and independence of Bangladesh in his historic speech at the Racecourse Maidan (Suhrawardy Udyan).

Test your knowledge on the history of the Bangladesh Liberation War, including key events like Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's proclamation of independence and the subsequent struggle against the Pakistan army. Learn more about this significant chapter in Bangladesh's history.

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