Attachment and Caregiver-Infant Interactions

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20 Questions

An attachment is a close two-way emotional bond between two individuals where they see the other person as essential for ______ security.

emotional

Babies have periodic alert phases to signal they are ready for a spell of ______, such as making eye contact.

interaction

Feldman and Eidelman (2007) found mothers pick up and respond to babies alertness 2/3 of the ______.

time

Another type of caregiver-infant interaction is interactional synchrony, where caregiver and baby reflect both the actions and emotions of the other in a ______ way.

co-ordinated

Meltzoff and Moore (1977) observed the beginning of interactional synchrony in babies as young as 2 ______ old.

weeks

A significant association was found between the babies expressions mirroring those of the adults, more than ______ could predict.

chance

Isabella et al (1989) found high levels of synchrony associated with better quality mother-baby attachment, for example emotional intensity of ______.

relationship

A strength of the research into caregiver-infant interactions is they are observed in a ______.

laboratory

Furthermore, babies don’t know they're being observed so their behaviour doesn’t change in response to observation meaning the overt observation isn't an ______.

issue

However, a limitation of research into caregiver-infant interaction is that it's hard to interpret a baby's ______.

behavior

Why is interactional synchrony considered important for the development of caregiver-infant interaction?

It is associated with better quality mother-baby attachment and emotional intensity of the relationship.

What is a strength of researching caregiver-infant interactions in a laboratory setting?

Distracting activity can be controlled, and observations can be filmed and observed later to avoid missing any details.

What are the limitations in interpreting a baby's behavior in research on caregiver-infant interactions?

Babies lack coordination and are almost immobile, making it difficult to interpret their subtle movements or expressions.

According to Feldman (2012), what is the limitation of simply observing a behavior in caregiver-infant interactions?

It does not tell us the purpose of these behaviors or their developmental importance.

What did Isabella et al (1989) find about the achievement of interactional synchrony and its impact on the development of good quality attachment?

The achievement of interactional synchrony predicted the development of good quality attachment, indicating the importance of caregiver interactions in development.

What are the two types of caregiver-infant interactions mentioned in the text?

Reciprocity and interactional synchrony

At what age did Meltzoff and Moore observe the beginning of interactional synchrony in babies?

2 weeks old

What did Feldman and Eidelman find about mothers' response to babies' alertness?

Mothers pick up and respond to babies alertness 2/3 of the time

What do babies do to signal they are ready for a spell of interaction?

Making eye contact

What is the significance of interactional synchrony in babies' development?

Babies' expressions mirroring those of the adults

Explore the concept of attachment and the importance of caregiver-infant interactions for social development. Learn about the significance of reciprocity in mother-infant interactions.

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